[History] Foreign Travellers in Ancient & Medieval India

Most Important Foreign Travellers in Ancient & Medieval India:

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NAME
COUNTRY
PERIOD
INFO
MEGASTHENES
GREECE
AFTER THE BATTLE BETWEEN CHANDRAGUPTA MAURYA AND SELUCAS(305 B.C-DEBATABLE).
  • Ambassador  of  Selucus I of Syria.
  • Came to court of Sandrokottes(Chandragupta maurya).

  • Described the social and administrative conditions under the  mauryas.
  • Wrote Indica.
  • In Indica we found  the royal palace Magadha made by wood.
  • 7 division of Indian cast system.
PTOLEMY
GREECE
130 A.D
  • Wrote “the geography of India”-which describes  ancient Indian geography.
FA-HIEN
CHINA
399 A.D-412 A.D
  •  Visited India during Chandragupta II(Vikramaditya).
  • Visited Lumbini, the birth place of  Buddha.
  • Journey described in his travelogoue as “Record of Buddhist Kingdoms”.
  • Wrote Fo-Kyo-Ki.
HIUEN TSANG
CHINA
629 A.D-645 A.D
  • Visited the court of Harshavardhana.
  • Came through Tashkent and Swat valley.
  • His book “Si-yu-ki or the records of        western world”.
AL BERUNI
MIDDLE ASIA
1000A.D-1025A.D
  • Came along with Mahmud of Ghajni.
  • First Muslim scholar to study India.
  • Known as founder of Indology.
  • Wrote Tarikh al Hind/kitab-ul-hind.
IBN BATUTA
MORROCCO
1333A.D
  • Was appointed a Qadi or judge, by Md. Bin Tughlaq.
  • Wrote Kitab-ul-rahla.
MARCOPOLO
ITALY
1288A.D-1292A.D
  • Visited Kakatiya state under Rudrmadevi(pandayas).
  • Well known European travellar who visited many eastern countries.
NICOLO CONTI
ITALIAN
1420-1421 A.D
  • Came during the rule of Devraya Iof Sangam dynasty of Vijayanagar empire.
  • Has given a graphic account of Vijayanagars capital.
ABDUL RAZZAK
PERSIAN
1442-1445 A.D
  • Ambassador of Shahrukh of Timurid dynasty.
  • Came during the rule of Devraya II of Sangam dynasty of Vijayanagar empire.
  • Given a brief account of the country side, in his Matla us saddin wa majuma ul Baharain.
AFNASY NIKITIN
RUSSIA
1469-1472 A.D
  • A Russian merchant who documented his Indian visit   in a narrative”The journey beyond 3 seas”.
  • He had visited the Bahamani sultanate.
DOMINGO PAES
PORTUGAL
1520-1522A.D
  • Came during the rule of Krishnadevaraya(1509-1529) of Tuluv dynasty of Vijayanagar empire.
FERNAO NUNES
PORTUGAL
1535-1537 A.D
  • He was a chronicler and a horse trder.
  • Came during the rule of Achutya devaraya(1529-1542A.D) of Tuluv dynasty of Vijayanagar empire.
  • Informs us that a large number of kings paid tribute to him.
WILLIAM HAWKINS
BRITAIN
1609-1611A.D
  • He was an ambassador of King James I.
  • Visited the court of Jahangir.
 SIR THOMAS ROE
BRITAIN
1615A.D
  • He was the ambassador of King James I.
  • Arrived at Jahangirs court.
  • By 1618 he obtained 2 farmans confirming free trade.
    (His Journal of the mission to the Mogul Empire, several times printed, has been re-edited, with an introduction by W Foster, for the Hakluyt Society (1899). This is a valuable contribution to the history of India in the early 17thcentury. Of his correspondence)
PIETRO DELLA VALLE
ITALY
1623-1624A.D
  • Visited the  king of Vekatappa nayaka of  Keladi in India.
SIR WILLIAM NORRIS
BRITAIN
-
  • He was the companies  ambassador to the Mughal empire.
  • Visited during Auranjeebs reign.















Other Foreign Travelers  (Of The Ancient and Medieval Period) : 
NAME
PERIOD
Significant points(if any)
Unknown greek sailor
MID FIRST CENTURY
  • Wrote a book named “Periplus of the erethraean sea”.-describing navigation and trading opportunities from Roman Egyptian ports like Berenice along the coast of the Red Sea, and others along Northeast Africa and the Indian subcontinent
ST.THOMAS
14-15 A.D
  •  An apostle who spread Christianity in Kerala.
CHENG-HI
1421-1431A.D
  • Came during the reign of Jalauddin(Bengal)
LUDVICO DE VORTHEMA
1502-1508 A.D
  • Italian merchant who visited India in 1502-1508 A.D left his memoirs in Egypt,        India, Syria etc.
BARTOLOMIU-DIAS(PORTUGUESE)
1503-1508 A.D
  • Came in Deccan.
  • In 1488 he sailed around the tips of Africa the first European to have done so.
EDWARDO BARBOSA
1516-1518A.D
  • Came during the reign of Krishnadevaraya.
ANTHONY MONSERRATE
1578-1582A.D
  • Came during the reign of Akbar
RALPH FITCH
1585-1591A.D
  • Came during the reign of Akbar.
CAESAR FREIDRICK
16 TH CENTURY
  • Came to Vijayanagar.
JOHN LISCONTEN
16TH CENTURY
  • Came to Vijayanagar.
LAMA TARANATH
16TH CENTURY
  • Came to east India.
WILLIAM FITCH
1608-1612A.D
  • Came during Jahangir.
JOHN-JOURDIAN
1608-1617A.D
  • Came during Jahangir.
NICHOLAS DOWNTON
1608-1615A.D
  • Came during Jahangir.
NICHOLAS WITHINGTON
1612-1616A.D
  • Came during Jahangir.
THOMAS CORYET
1612-1617A.D
  • Came during Jahangir.
EDWARD TERRY
1616-1619A.D
  • Came during the rule of Jahangir.
PAUL CANNIN(BRITISH)
1615-1625
  • Came during the  rule of  Jahangir.
FRANSISCO PELASERT
1620-1627 A.D
  • Came during Jahangir.
PIETRA DELLAVALE
1622-1633A.D
  • Jahangir.
JOHN LAIT
1626-1633A.D
  • Came during Shahjahan..
PETER MUNDY
1630-1634A.D
  • Shahjahan.
MANUCCI
1656-1687A.D
  • Aurangjeeb.
BERNIER
1658-1668A.D
  • Aurangjeeb.
JEAN DE THEVENOT
1666-1668A.D
  • Aurangjeeb.
GEMELLI CARERI
1695-1699A.D
  • Came to Bijapur.


































































*The list of the travelers is much more than the above mentioned ones but  significant ones has been mentioned.

9 comments:

  1. Very useful. But table size are not fit for mobile use. Please help us

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. @ Rahees if you are not able to read table properly then u can view this page as "View web Version" at the bottom of the Page, due to larger size of the table its not compatible on some mobile devices. An alternative is available as "View web Version" SO u can read the table well. Anyways thanks for informing abt the problem.

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  2. Could any body write about philini or feline who came to South India

    ReplyDelete
  3. You missed al-masudi(915-916) from Baghdad to gujarat

    ReplyDelete
  4. I am searching information about all ancient travellers and their contribution to the life style

    ReplyDelete
  5. If you have any information please get in touch with me

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