[Himachal GK] Himachal Pradesh : An Introduction

Important Details About Himachal Pradesh :

Country
 India
Region
North India
Established
25 Jan. 1971
Capital
Shimla
Largest city
Shimla
Districts
12
Government
 • Governor
Aachrya Devvrat
 • Chief Justice
Justice Mansoor Ahmad Mir
 • Chief Minister
Virbhadra Singh
 • Legislature
Unicameral(68 seats)
 • Parliamentary constituency
4
Area
 • Total
55,673 km2(21,495 sq mi)
Area rank
17th
Elevation
2,319 m (7,608 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total
6,856,509
 • Rank
20th
 • Density
123/km2 (320/sq mi)
Time zone
IST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 code
IN-HP
HDI
 0.652 (medium)
HDI rank
3rd (2011)
Literacy
83.78%
Official language
Hindi
Website
himachal.nic.in



State Profile : Himachal Pradesh

Area
55673 km2
Total population
6,864,602
Males
3,481,873
Females
3,382,729
Population density
123
Sex ratio
972
Rural population
6,176,050
Urban population
688,552
Scheduled Caste population
1,729,252
Scheduled Tribe population
392,126
Literacy rate
83.78%
Male literacy
90.83%
Female literacy
76.60%
Districts
12
Sub-divisions
55
Tehsils
82
Sub-tehsils
35
Developmental blocks
77
Towns
59
Panchayats
3,243
Panchayat smities
77
Zila parishad
12
Urban local bodies
49
Nagar nigams
1
Nagar parishads
25
Nagar panchayats
23
Census villages
20,690
Inhabited villages
17,495
Health institutions
3,866
Educational institutions
17,000
Motorable roads
33,722 km
National highways
8
Identified hydroelectric potential
23,000.43 MW in five rivers basins i.e. (Yamuna, Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Himurja)
Potential harnessed
9,000 MW (approximate)
Food grain production
1579,000 tonnes
Vegetable production
900,000 tonnes
Fruit production
1,027,000 tonnes
Per capita income
104,943 (2014–15 expected)
Social Security pensions
237,250 persons, annual expenditure: over ₹ 600 million
Investment in industrial areas
₹ 273.80 billion, employment opportunities: Over 337,391
Employment generated in government sector
80,000

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