[History] Important Dates in Indian History

Before Christ [B.C.]
  • 2800-2000: Harappan Culture
  • From 1500: Coming of Aryans
  • 1200-800 and later: Expansion of Aryans in Ganga Valley
  • 600: Age of the 16 Mahajanapadas of Northern India
  • 563-483: Gautama Buddha
  • 540-468: Mahvira
  • 542-493: Bimbisara rules Magadha
  • 493-461: Ajatshatru rules Magadha
  • 413-362: Shishunaga Dynasty
  • 362-321: Nanda Dynasty
  • 327-326: Alexander's Invasion
  • 321: Chandragupta Maurya establishes the Mauryan Empire
  • 315: Visit of Megasthenes to India
  • 268-232: Ashok's reign
  • 185: Fall of the Mauryan Empire
  • 1st Century: Bactrian rule in the north-west
  • 1st Century: Rise of the Satavahans
  • 58: Beginning of the Vikram Era
  • 1st Century: Shakas in the Western India
  • 1st Century: Sangam period in the South

Anno Domini [A.D.]
  • 78: Kanishka's accession and the beginning of the Shaka Era
  • 3rd Century: Decline of the Kushanas
  • 3rd Century: Decline of Kushanas
  • 319-320: Accession of Chandragupta I and Establishment of the Gupta Dynasty
  • 335-375: Samudragupta
  • 375-415: Chandragupta II
  • 405-411: Visit of Fa-Hien
  • 450: The first Huna attack on the Gupta Empire
  • 560-903: The Pallavas establish their Kingdom
  • 543-755: The rise of Chalukyas of Vatapi
  • 606-647: Reign of Harshavardhana
  • 630-643: Hieun Tsang in India
  • 609-642: Reign of Pulakesin II, the Chalukya King
  • 622: Beginning of the Hijri era
  • 712: Arab Conquest of Sind
  • 750: Pala dyanasty founded by Gopala in eastern India
  • 753: Rise of the Rashtrakuta Empire
  • 800: Shankaracharya
  • 840: Rise of the Pratiharas under Bhoja
  • 907: Parantaka I establishes Chola power in South India
  • 973-1192: Foundation of the Kingdom of the later Chalukya is laid
  • 985-1014: Reign of Rajaraja Chola
  • 1014-1044: Reign of Rajendra Chola
  • 1000-1027: Invasions of Mahmud of Ghazni
  • 1030: Alberuni in India, Death of Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni
  • 1191: 1st battle of Tarain
  • 1192: 2nd battle of Tarain, Defeat of Pritviraj III by Muhammad Gauri
  • 1206: Death of Muhammad Gauri
  • 1206: Qutab-ud-din Aibak founds the Slave dynastry
  • 1210: Death of Qutab-ud-din Aibak
  • 1210: Accession of Iltumish
  • 1236: Death of Iltumish and accession of Raziya
  • 1265-1285: Reign of Balban
  • 1288-1295: Marco Polo visits South India
  • 1290: Khilji Dynasty founded
  • 1296-1316: Reign of Ala-ud-din Khilji
  • 1302-1311: Malik Kafur's campaign in South India
  • 1320: Tughlaq dynasty founded
  • 1325-1351: Reign of Muhmmad-bin-Tuglaq, Ibn Batuta in India
  • 1336: Foundation of the Vijayanagar kingdom is laid
  • 1347: Foundation of the Bahmani kingdom is laid
  • 1351-1388: Reign of Firoz Shah Tughlaq
  • 1398: Timur's invasion
  • 1414-1451: Reign of the Sayyid dynasty
  • 1451-1526: Reign of Lodi dynasty
  • 1440-1518: Kabir
  • 1469-1539: Nanak
  • 1482-1518: Dissolution of the Bahmani, Emergence of five new kingdoms- Bijapur, Golconda, Ahmednagar, Bidar and Berar
  • 1498: Arrival of Vasco-de-Gama in India
  • 1509-1530: Reign of Krishnadevraya
  • 1526: 1st battle of Panipat; Babar defeats Ibrahim Lodi, Mughal empire founded in India
  • 1527: Battle of Khanwa, Babar defeates Rana Sanga
  • 1530: Death of Babar and accession of Humayun
  • 1539: Sher Shah defeats Humayun at Chausa
  • 1545: Death of Sher Shah
  • 1556: Death of Humayun and accession of Akbar
  • 1556: 2nd battle of Panipat; Akbar defeats Hemu
  • 1565: Battle of Talikota
  • 1568-1595: Akbar captures Chittor, Ranthambhor, Gujarat, Bengal, Kashmir, Sind, Orissa, Central India and Qandh
  • 1600: Queen Elizabeth grants Charter of the company of merchants in London to trade with the east; East India Company established
  • 1605: Death of Akbar and accession of Jahangir
  • 1616: Sir Thomas Roe received by Jahangir
  • 1627: Death of Jahangir
  • 1627: Birth of Shivaji
  • 1628: Shahjahan proclaimed Emperor
  • 1630: Annexation of Ahmednagar
  • 1658: Accession of Aurangzeb
  • 1674: Shivaji assumes royal title
  • 1680: Death of Shivaji
  • 1686: Annexation of Golconda
  • 1707: Death of Aurangzeb
  • 1707-1712: Reign of Bahadur Shah
  • 1717: Farrukhsiyar grants firman to the English Company exempting their trade in Bengal from payment of duties in return for lumpsum payment of Rs 300 per annum
  • 1739: Nadir Shah occupies Delhi
  • 1744-1748: 1st Anglo-French Carnatic War
  • 1748-1754: 2nd Anglo-French Carnatic War
  • 1757-1763: 3rd Anglo-French Carnatic War
  • 1747-1761: Invasion of Ahmed Shah Abdali
  • 1757: Battle of Plassey in which the British defeated Siraj-ud-daula, Nawab of Bengal and established control over the rice Provinces of Bihar, Bengal and Orissa
  • 1760: Battle of Wandiwash; French are decisively defeated by the British and the French dream of an empire in India comes to an end
  • 1761: 3rd battle of Panipat- Ahmed Shah Abdali defeats the Marathas
  • 1764-1765: Battle of Buxar in which British defeated the triple alliance of Nawab Mir Qasim of Bengal, Nawab Shuja-ud-daula of Awadh and Mughal emperor Shahjahan; Introduction of dual system of Government in Bengal
  • 1767-1769: 1st Anglo-Mysore War
  • 1770: The great famine of Bengal
  • 1772: End of dual government in Bengal, Company starts direct administration of Bengal, Warren Hastings assumes office as Governor
  • 1773: The Regulating Act
  • 1775-1782: 1st Anglo-Maratha War
  • 1780-1784: 2nd Anglo-Mysore War
  • 1784: Pitt's India Act
  • 1790: 3rd Anglo-Mysore War
  • 1793: Permanent settlement introduced in Bengal
  • 1798-1805: Wellesley is Governor General of Bengal
  • 1799: 4th Anglo-Mysore War, death of Tipu Sultan, Ranjit Singh captures Lahore and makes it his capitala
  • 1803-1805: 2nd Anglo-Maratha War
  • 1813: Charter Act
  • 1814-1816: Anglo-Nepal War
  • 1817-1818: 3rd Anglo-Maratha War, Marathas decisively defeated
  • 1829: Prohibition of Sati
  • 1833: Renewal of the Company's charter and abolition of its trading rigths
  • 1839: Death of Ranjit Singh, New treaty forced on the Amirs of Sind
  • 1843: British annex Sind
  • 1845-1846: 2nd Anglo-Sikh War and annexation of Punjab
  • 1853: First Railway line in India from Bombay to Thane is opened, First telegraph line from Calcutta to Agra, Renewal of Company's Charter
  • 1854: Charles Wood's despatch on Indian Education
  • 1857: First war of Indian Independence, Outbreak of a vast revolt, Establishment of Universities at Bombay, Calcutta and Madras
  • 1858: British Government takes over administration of India from the East India Company, Queen Victoria's proclaimation, End of East India Company Rule
  • 1861: The Indian Councils Act, Enactment of the Indian Civil Services and Criminal Code, Birth of Ravinder Nath Tagore
  • 1865: Telegraphic communication with Europe opens
  • 1869: Opening of Suez Canal, Birth of M.K.Gandhi
  • 1876-1877: Delhi Durbar, The Queen of England proclaimed Empress of India
  • 1883: Ilbert Bill
  • 1885: The Indian National Congress is founded
  • 1892: Indian Councils Act passed
  • 1905: Partition of Bengal announced
  • 1906: Muslim League formed at Dacca
  • 1909: Morley-Minto Reforms
  • 1911: King George V visits India, A durbar held at Delhi, The Capital of India is shifted form Calcutta to Delhi, Partition of Bengal is annulled
  • 1914: Outbreak of World War I
  • 1916: Foundation of the Banaras Hindu University is laid, Home Rule League founded, The Indian National Congress and Muslim League sign Lucknow Pact
  • April, 1917: Gandhi launches Champaran campaign in Bihar to focus attention on grievances of Indigo-planters, Montague's announcement regarding introduction of responsible Government in India
  • 1918: End of World War I, Trade Union Movement begins in India, All India Depressed Classes League formed
  • 6 April, 1919: Call for all-India hartal against Rowlatt Act
  • 9 April, 1919: Deportation of Dr Satyapal and Dr Kitchlew, Trouble begins at Amritsar
  • 13 April, 1919: Jalianwala Bagh Tragedy at Amritsar, Government of India Act, 1919 passed
  • 1920: First meeting of the All-India Trade Union Congress, Foundation of Aligarh Muslim University laid, Hunter Commission Report on Jalianwala Bagh Massacre published, First Non-cooperation movement launched by Gandhi
  • Feb, 1922: Violent incidents at Chauri Chaura, Gandhi calls of Non-cooperation movement
  • 1925: Communist Party of India organised at Kanpur
  • 1927: Appointment of Simon Commission
  • 1928: Nehru Report
  • 1929: Congress adopts the goal of complete independence for India
  • 14 Feb, 1930: Congress passes Civil Disobedience Movement resolution
  • 12 March, 1930: Gandhi begins Dandi March to manufacture illegal salt, First Round Table Conference held in London
  • 1931: Gandhi Irwin Pact, Civil disobedience movement suspended, Second Round Table Conference held
  • 1932: R MacDonald announces communal award (modified by the Poona pact, September 24)
  • 1935: Government of India Act, 1935 passed
  • 1937: Congress ministries formed in provinces
  • 1938: All-India Kisan Sabha formed
  • 1939: Subhash Chadra Bose resigns as the President of the Congress, 2nd World War begins, Resignation of Congress Ministries in provinces
  • 1940: Muslim League adopts the Pakistan resolution, Congress starts Individual Civil Disobedience Movement
  • 1941: Death of Rabindranath Tagore
  • Feb, 1942: Japanese bombardment of Rangoon, Singapore falls
  • March-April, 1942: Cripps mission visits India
  • Aug-Sept, 1942: Quit India Movement launched
  • 1945: Shimla Conference held, Failure of Wavell Plan, INA trials at Red Fort
  • 1946: Cabinet Mission Plan visits India, Direct Action Resolution by Muslim League
  • March-June, 1946: Elections for the Constituent Assembly held
  • July, 1946: Jawaharlal Nehru heads Interim Government
  • 9 Dec, 1946: Constituent Assembly meets at Delhi
  • 20 Feb, 1947: British Prime Minister Attlee announces Britain's decision to transfer power to Indian before June, 1948
  • 3 June, 1947: Lord Mountbatten announces transfer of power in August, 1947
  • July, 1947: Indian Independence Act passed by British Parliament, India is to be partitioned
  • 15 Aug, 1947: India becomes free

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