[Himachal GK] Horticulture in Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh has been endowed with a wide range of agro climatic conditions due to which a large number of horticulture commodities like fruit crops (from temperate to sub tropical), flowers, vegetables, mushrooms, hops, tea, medicinal & aromatic plants etc. are successfully grown here. Amongst the fruit crops, perhaps all kind of fruits grown in the country, except those which are grown in the warm humid coastal regions, can be produced in the State. Depending upon the agroclimatic conditions and the suitability of a particular area for the growing of specific fruit crops in that area, the State is broadly divided into four agroclimatic zones as described in the table below :


Horticulture Zones in Himachal Pradesh.
S.NoZONE DESCRIPTIONELEVATION RANGE (meters amsl)RAINFALL (cms)SUITABLE FRUIT CROPS
1.Low Hill and Valley areas near the plains365-91460 - 100Mango, Litchi, Guava, Loquat, Citrus Fig, Ber, Papaya, Early varieties of Grapes, Jack Fruit, Banana, Low chilling varieties of Peach, Plum and Pear, Strawberry.
2.Mid Hills (Sub Temperate)915-152390 - 100Stone Fruits (Peach, Plum, Apricot, Almond), Persimmon, Pear, Pomegranate, Pecan nut, Walnut, Kiwi Fruit, Strawberry.
3.High Hills and Valleys in the interiors (Temperate)1524-274290 - 100Apple, Pear (Soft), Cherry, Almond, Walnut, Chestnut, Hazel- nut, Strawberry.
4.Cold and Dry Zone (Dry Temperate)1524-365624 - 40Apples, Prunes, Drying type of Apricot, Almond, Chilgoza, Pistachionut, Walnut, Hazel-nut, Grapes and Hops.


In addition to fruits, vegetable and flower cultivation is undertaken for off season supplies to the plains, while the mushroom cultivation is being taken up even by the landless for the augmentation of their income. Beekeeping is a necessary activity adjunct to the horticulture industry, which besides providing pollinating agents for improvement of fruit set and productivity, also results in the production of economic apiculture products like honey and bee wax. The horticulture industry has, therefore plays a great role in the amelioration of the rural economy of the State with respect to:

  • generation of sources for cash income to the rural people,
  • generation of employment opportunities in the pre and post harvest sectors of the horticulture industry,
  • provision of nutritive foods in the form of fruits, vegetables, nuts, mushrooms, honey, etc.,
  • satisfaction of the aesthetic needs of the people, and
  • development of a sustainable system of permanent agriculture in the hilly areas.


Area under different Fruits : (In Hectare)

S.No
CROP
Year










2003-04
2004-05
2005-06
2006-07
2007-08
2008-09
2009-10
2010-11
2011-12
1
Apple
84112
86202
88560
91804
94726
97438
99564
103644
103644
2
Plum
8316
8335
8360
8396
8428
8420
8456
8530
8530
3
Peach
4861
4966
5000
5134
5175
5170
5195
5181
5181
4
Apricot
2897
2947
3034
3178
3230
3392
3444
3556
3556
5
Pear
7519
7564
7596
7662
7561
7405
7382
7333
7333
6
Cherry
292
302
313
345
374
405
453
492
492
7
Kiwi
105
111
113
118
120
128
128
120
120
8
Pomegranate
495
585
636
759
936
1085
1263
1709
1709
9
Olive
54
54
54
54
53
51
51
48
48
10
Persimmon
307
332
358
371
397
407
418
421
421
11
Strawberry
27
27
57
57
55
55
57
54
54
12
Almond
5715
5732
5766
5784
5701
5647
5610
5543
5543
13
Walnut
4651
4729
4785
4832
4718
4672
4628
4607
4607
14
Picannut
562
627
646
698
747
764
786
876
876
15
Hazelnut
11
12
13
14
15
13
13
13
13
16
Orange
7844
7906
8033
8178
8359
8405
8577
8554
8554
17
Malta
909
932
968
1013
1113
1186
1293
1419
1419
18
k.Lime
9132
9188
9336
9528
9531
9628
9824
10126
10126
19
Galgal
2322
2322
2338
2345
2316
2315
2303
2244
2244
20
Other Citrus
54
54
54
54
54
54
53
53
53
21
Mango
35144
36215
37408
38370
37840
38444
38681
39568
39568
22
Litchi
3107
3362
3539
3759
3900
4060
4272
4572
4572
23
Guava
2194
2201
2215
2235
2218
2236
2228
2237
2237
24
Aonala
615
908
1120
1313
1475
1710
1901
2069
2069
25
Jackfruit
284
328
376
432
457
524
576
651
651
26
Papaya
204
216
228
233
230
230
223
216
216
27
Loquat
67
69
70
70
69
69
68
66
66
28
Others
641
677
692
709
704
716
707
672
672

Total
182441
186903
191668
197445
200502
204629
208154
211295
214574

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