[Health] Diabetes Mellitus (diabetes)

Diabetes mellitus, noted as Diabetes or more commonly known as Sugar, is a group of various metabolic( biological and chemical reactions happens all the time to keep the cell alive) diseases in which a person has high blood sugar.

High blood Sugar
  • mmol/l means millimoles per litre, simply molecular concentration. US will represent with another unit mg/dL means milligrams perdecilitre.
  • Relation of two units..
  • Molecular weight of glucose C6H12O6 is about 180 g/mol, therefore the difference between the two scales is a factor of 18, so that 1 mmol/L of glucose is equivalent to 18 mg/dL.
  • Therefore 11.1 *18 = 199.8.
Why sugar levels increase?
  1. Pancreas does not produce enough insulin.
  2. Cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced.

Blood has Glucose, the higher levels of glucose in the blood is called high blood sugar, scientifically called Hyperglycemia.
Glucose level higher than 11.1 mmol/l (200 mg/dl) will cause hyperglycemia, but symptoms of diabetes will be noticeable only when the levels crosses 15–20  mmol/l (~250–300 mg/dl).

Confused of units?
    There might be two reasons for this malfunction
    Pancreas has two functions: Endocrine and Exocrine

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