[Geography] UPSC Previous Years Objective Questions on Geography of India

Questions : 

1. The alpine vegetation in the Western Himalayas is found only up to a height of 3000 metres while

in the Eastern Himalayas it is found up to a height of 4000 metres. The reason for this variation in the same mountain range is that: [1995]
(a) Eastern Himalayas are higher than Western Himalayas
(b) Eastern Himalayas as are nearer to the equator and sea coast than Western Himalayas
(c) Eastern Himalayas get more monsoon rainfall than the Western Himalayas
(d) Eastern Himalayan rocks are more fertile than the Western Himalayan rocks
4. Monoculture of commercially viable trees is destroying the unique natural profile of - Thoughtless exploitation of timber, deforesting vast, tracts for palm cultivation, destruction of mangroves illegal logging by tribal's and poaching only compound the problem. Fresh water pockets are fast drying up due to deforestation and Gestruction of mangroves". The place referred to this quotation is: [1995]
(a) Sunderbans (b) Kerala coast
(c) Orissa coast
(d) Andaman and Nicobar Island
5. The palaeomagnetic results obtained from India indicate that in the past, the Indian land mass has moved: [1995]
(a) northward (b) southward
(c) eastward (d) westward
7. The Indian subcontinent was originally part a huge mass called: [1995]
(a) Jurassic land mass (b) Aryavarta
(c) Indiana (d) Gondwana continent
8. Which one of the following mountain ranges is spread over only one State in India? [1995]
(a) Aravalli (b) Satpura
(c) Ajanta (d) Sahvadri
9. The National Highway from Amritsar to Calcutta via Delhi is numbered: [1995]
(a) 1 (b) 2
(c) 4 (d) 8
(a) Ladakh, Zanskar, Karakoram and Pri Panjal
(b) Karakoram, Ladakh, Zanskar and Pir Panjal
(c) Karakoram, Zanskar, Pir Panjal and Ladakh
(d) Ladakh, Pir Panjal, Karakoram and Zanskar
11. High temperature and low pressure over the Indian Subcontinent during the summer season draws air from the Indian Ocean leading to the in-blowing of the: [1996]
(a) Southeast monsoon
(b) Southwest monsoon -
(c) Trade winds
(d) Westerlies
12. Match List (Ores) with List II (States where they are mined) and select the correct answer: [1996]
List I List II
A. Manganese 1. Madhya Pradesh
B. Nickel 2. Orissa
C. Lead-zinc 3. Rajasthan
D. Asbestos 4. Andhra Pradesh Codes:
(a) A-1; B-3; C-3; D-4
(b) A-4; B-3; C-2; D-1
(c) A- 1; B- 2; C-3; D-4
(d) A-4; B- 2; C-3; D- 1
13. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched? [1996]
1. Idukki: Thermal power station
2. Sabarigiri : Hydro-electric project
3. Ghatprabha : Irrigation project
4. Ramganga : Multipurpose project
(a) 2, 3 and 4 (b) 1, 2, 3 and 4
(c) 3 and 4 (d) 1 and 2
14. Which one of the following areas of India produces largest amount of cotton? [1996]
(a) North Western India and Gangetic West Bengal
(b) North Western and Western India
(c) Western and Southern India
(d) Plains of Northern India.
15. "You might see a few curious Danes around, but that is because-used to be Danish outpost. This quaint town with its fort and a beautiful church, the New Jerusalem, empty streets and deserted beach front is a quaint gem." The place referred to in this quotation lies on the: [1996]
(a) Tamil Nadu coast (b) Kerala coast
(c) Karnataka coast (d) Goa coast
16. Consider the following rivers: [1996]
1. Kishenganga 2. Ganga
3. Wainganga 4. Penganga
The correct sequence of these rivers when arranged in the north-south direction is
(a) 1,2,3,4 (b) 2,1,3,4
(c) 2,1,4,3 (d) 1,2,4,3
17. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer: [1997]
List I (Climatic conditions)
A. Madras is warmer than Calcutta
B. Snowfall in Himalayas
C. Rainfall decreases from West Bengal to Punjab
D. Sutlej-Ganga Plain gets some rain in winter
List II (Reasons)
1. North-East Monsoon
2. Altitude
3. Western depressions
4. Distance from sea
5. Latitude
Codes:
(a) A-1;B-2;C-4;D-5
(b) A-4; B -5; C- 1; D-3
(c) A-5;B -2;C-4;D-3 (d) A -5; B - 1; C - 3; D -4
18. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer:
A. Deccan Traps
B. Western Ghats
C. Aravalli
D. Narmada-Tapi alluvial deposits
List II
1.Late cenozoic
2. Pre-cambrian
3. Cretaceous Eocene
4.Cambrian
5. Pleistocene
Codes:
(a) A-3; B -5; C- 1; D-4
(b) A-3; B-1; C-2; D-5
(c) A - 2; 6 - 1; C - 3; D - 4
(d) A-l; B -4; C -2; D-5
19. The January isotherm taken as a basis for dividing India in! tropical and subtropical zones is : [199
(a) 21°C (b) 180°C
(c) 12°C (d) 15°C
20. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer. [1997]
A. Coal
B. Gold
C. Mica
D. Manganese
List II (Typical areas of occurrence)
1. Bhandara
2. Karanpura
3. Hutti
4. Nellore
Codes:
(a) A-1;B-3; C-2; D-4
(b) A-2; B - 3; C -4; D- 1
(c) A-3; B-4; C-2; D- 1
(d) A-2; B- 1;C-4; D-3
21. The Alamatti is on the river: [1997]
(a) Godavari (b) Kavery
(c) Krishna (d) Mahanadi
23. The canal-carrying capacity of Farrakka is: [1997]
(a) 75,000 Cusecs (b) 70,000 Cusecs
(c) 40,000 Cusecs (d) 35,000 Cusecs
24. Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched? [1997]
(a) Teak: Jammu and Kashmir
(b) Deodar: Madhya Pradesh
(c) Sandalwood: Kerala
(d) Sundari: West Bengal
26. The tribal population in Andaman and Nicobar islands belongs to the: [1997]
(a) Australoid race (b) Caucasoid race
(c) Mongoloid race (d) Negroid race
28. Which one of the following east flowing rivers of India has rift valley due to down warping? [1998]
(a) Damodar (b) Mahanadi
(c) Son (d) Yamuna
31. Match List 1 with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: [1998]
A. Graphite
B. Lead
C. Salt
D. Silver
List II (Mining area)
1. Bellary
2. Didwana
3. Rampa
4. Zawar
Codes:
(a) A-3;B-4;C-1;D-2
(b) A-1;B-4;C-2; D-3
(c) A-3; B-1;C-4; D-2
(d) A-2; B-3; C-1; D-4
32. The discovery of Oak flora in 1966 added a new chapter to the history of Indian Sericulture. Which one of the following states is the leading producer of Oak tasar silk? [1998]
(a) Assam (b) Bihar
(c) Manipur (d) Orissa
33. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: [1998]
List-I (Places)
A. Jamnagar
B. Hospet
C. Korba
D.Haldia
List-II (Industries)
1. Aluminium
2. Woollen Textile
3. Fertilizers
4. Cement
5. Iron & Steel
Codes
(a) A-4; B-3; C-1; D-2 (b) A-2; B-5; C-1; D-3
(c) A-4;B-5;C-2;D-1 (d) A-2; B-1; C-4; D-3
34. In the vicinity of Mumbai, a number of specialised towns have been developed. Match the list of specialisation with town and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists. [1998]
List-I (Towns)
A. Alibag
2. Balapur
3. Nhava Sheva
4. Rantagiri
List-II (Specialisation)
1. Fishing Centre
2. Holiday resort
3. Petro-chemical complex
4. Port
(a)A-1; B-3; C-2; D-4 (b) A-2; B-3;C-4;D-1
(c) A-3; B-4; C-2; D-1 (d) A-2; B-1; C-4; D-3
35. What is the correct sequence of the following Indian states in descending order of their length of surface roads per 100 km2 of their areas? [1998]
1. Haryana 2. Maharashtra
3. Punjab 4. Tamil Nadu
Select the correct answer using the codes given below: Codes:
(a) 4,3,2,1. (b) 4,3,1,2
(c) 3,4,1,2 (d) 3,4,2,1
37. Some people in Manipur live in house built on floating islands of weeds and decaying vegetation held together by suspended silt. These lands are called: [1998]
(a) Tipis (b) Barkhans
(c) Phoomdis (d) Izba
40. Which one of the following sets of states to benefit the most from the Konkan Railway? [1998]
(a) Goa, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Kerala
(b) Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Kerala
(c) Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Goa, Maharashtra
(d) Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Tamil Nadu
41. Which one of the following pairs of cities has recently been connected through a 6-lane express way? [1998]
(a) Ahmedabad : Vadodara
(b) Dhake : Chittagong
(c) Islamabad : Lahore
(d) Mumbai Pune
42. "India has the largest population of the Asian X. Today, there are just about 20,000 to 25,000 X in their natural habitat spreading across the evergreen forests, dry thorn forest, swamps and grasslands. Their prime habitats, are however the moist deciduous forests. The X population in India ranges from North-West India where they are found in the forest divisions of Dehradun. Bijnor and National districts of UP to the Western Ghats in the states of Karnataka and Kerala and in Tamil Nadu.
In Central India, their population distributed in Southern Bihar and Orissa. In the East, they are seen in North Bengal, Assam and a few other states." [1999]
The animal "X" referred to in this quotation is:
(a) lion (b) elephant
(c) tiger (d) one-horned rhinoceros
43. The minimum land area recommended for forest cover to maintain proper ecological balance in India in: [1999]
(a) 25% (b) 33%
(c) 43% (d) 53%
46. The first marine sanctuary in India, within its bounds coral reefs, mollusca, dolphins, tortoises and various kinds of sea birds, has been established in: [1999]
(a) Sundarbans (b) ChilkaLake
(c) Gulf of Kachchh (d) Lakshadweep
47. Which one of the following pairs of states and tribes is not correctly matched? [1999]
(a) Assam : Miri
(b) Nagaland : Konyak
(c) Arunachal : Apatani
(d) Madhya Pradesh : Lambada
49. If it 10.00 am. I.S.T., then what would be the local time at Shillong on 92° E longitude? [1999]
(a) 9.38 a.m. (b) 10.38 a.m.
(c) 10.22 a.m. (d) 9.22 a.m.
50. The Ravva offshore block, with great potential for oil, is located in: [1999]
(a) Krishna-Godavari basin
(b) Cauvery basin
(c) Mahanadi basin
(d) Palar-Pennar basin
52. Which one of the following statements is not true? [2000]
(a) Ghaggar's water is utilised in the Indira Gandhi Canal
(b) Narmada rises from Amarkantak region
(c) Nizam Sagar is situated on the Manjra river
(d) Penganga is a tributary of the Godavari
55. Assertion (A) : The frequency of floods in North Indian plains has increased during the last couple of decades. . Reason (R): There has been reduction in the depth of river valleys due to deposition of silt. [2000]
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true but R is NOT a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true
56. Assertion (A): Ganga plain is the most densely populated part of India.
Reason (R): Ganga is the most harnessed river of India. [2000]
(a)Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true but R is NOT a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true
59. Mekong Ganga Co-operation Project is: [2001]
(a) an irrigation project involving India and Myanmar
(b) a joint tourism initiative of some Asian countries
(c) a hydroelectric power project involving India, Bang­ladesh and Myanmar
(d) a defence and security agreement of India with its eastern neighbours
60. Assertion (A): Anti-cyclonic conditions are formed in winter season when atmospheric pressure is high and air temperatures are low.
Reason (R): Winter rainfall in Northern India causes development of anticyclonic conditions with low temperatures. [2001]
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true but R is NOT a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true
61. Consider the following statements regarding power sector in India: [2001]
1. The installed capacity of power generation is around 95000 MW
2. Nuclear plants contribute nearly 15% of total power generation
3. Hydroelectricity plants contribute nearly 40% of total power generation
4. Thermal plants at present account for nearly 80% of total power generation
Which of the statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 only (b) 2 and 3
(c) 3 and 4 (d) 1 and 4
62. The approximate age of the Aravallis range is: [2001]
(a) 370 million years
(b) 470 million years
(c) 570 million years
(d) 670 million years
63. The correct sequence of the eastward flowing rivers of the peninsular India from north to south is: [2002]
(a) Subarnarekha, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Pennar, Cauvery and Vagai
(b) Subarnarekha, Mahanadi, Krishna, Godavari, Cauvery and Vagai
(c) Mahanadi, Subarnarekha, Godavari, Krishna, Cauvery, Pennar and Vagai
(d) Mahanadi, Subarnarekha, Krishna, Godavari, Cauvery, Vagai and Pennar.
64. With reference to Indian transport systems, consider the following statements: [2002]
1. Indian railway system is the largest in the world
2. National Highways cater to 45 percent of the total and transport demand
3. Among the states, Kerala has the highest density of surface road
4. National Highway No.7 is the longest in the country.
Which of these statements are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 (b), 1 and 3
(c) 2 and 3 (d) 2 and 4
65. The average annual temperature of a meteorological station is 26°C, its average annual rainfall is 63 cm and the annual range temperature is 9°C. The station in question is: [2002]
(a) Allahabad (b) Chennai
(c) Cherrapunji (d) Kolkata
66. The sea coast of which one of the following states has become famous as a nesting place for the giant Olive Ridley turtles from South America? [2002]
(a) Goa (b) Gujarat
(c) Orissa (d) Tamil Nadu
67. With reference to India, which one of the following statements is not correct? [2002]
(a) About one-third of the area of the country records more than 750 millimetres of annual rainfall
(b) The dominant source of irrigation in the country is wells
(c) Alluvial soil is the predominant type of soil in northern plains of the country
(d) The mountain areas account for about thirty percent of the surface area of the country.
68. Open stunted forests with bushes and small trees having long roots and sharp thorns or sharp thorns or spines are commonly found in: [2002]
(a) Eastern Orissa
(b) North-Eastern Tamil Nadu
(c) Siwaliks and Terai region
(d) Western Andhra Pradesh
69. Match List-I (Mangrove) with List II (State) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: [2002]
List I (Mangroove) List II (State)
A. Achra Ratnagiri 1. Karnataka
B. Coondapur 2. Kerala
C. Pichavaram 3. Andhra Pradesh
D. Vembanad 4. Maharashtra
5. Tamil Nadu
Codes:
(a) A-2; B-1; C-5; D-4
(b) A-4; B-5; C-3; D-2
(c) A-2; B-5; C-3; D-4
(d) A-4; B-1;C-5; D-2
70. What is the correct sequence of the rivers-Godavari, Mahanadi, Narmada and Tapi in the descending order of their lengths? [2003]
(a) Godavari-Mahanadi-Narmada-Tapi
(b) Godavari-Narmada-Mahanadi-Tapi
(c) Narmada-Godavari-Tapi-Mahanadi
(d) Narmada-Tapi-Godavari-Mahanadi
71. Nanda Devi peak forms a part of: [2003]
(a) Assam Himalayas
(b) Kumaon Himalayas
(c) Nepal Himalayas
(d) Punjab Himalayas
72. Among the following cities, which one is the highest altitude above mean sea level? [2003]
(a) Bangalore (b) Delhi
(c) Jodhpur (d) Nagpur
73. Consider the following statements: [2003]
1. Longitude of Jabalpur's location is between those of Indore and Bhopal
2. Latitude of Aurangabad's location is between those of Vadodara and Pune
3. Bangalore is situated more southward than Chennai
73. Which of these statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 3 (b) Only 2
(c) 2 and 3 (d) 1, 2 and 3
74. Which one among the following States is smallest in area? [2003]
(a) Andhra Pradesh (b) Gujarat
(c) Karnataka (d) Tamil Nadu
75. Among the following cities, which one is nearest to the Tropic of Cancer? [2003]
(a) Delhi (b) Kolkata
(c) Jodhpur (d) Nagpur
76. In which one of the following Union Territories, do the people of the Onge tribe live? [2004]
(a) Andaman and Nicobar Islands
(b) Dadra and Nagar Haveli
(c) Daman and Diu
(d) Lakshadweep
77. Consider the following statements: [2004]
1. National Thermal Power Corporation has diversified into hydropower sector
2. Power Grid Corporation of India has diversified into telecom sector
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only (b) 2 only
(c) Both I and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2
78. Consider the following statements: [2004]
1. Damodar, Valley Corporation is the first multi-purpose river valley project of independent India
2. Damodar Valley Corporation includes thermal and gas power stations
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only (b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2
79. Consider the following statements: [2004]
Among the Indian States:
1. Andhra Pradesh has the longest coastline
2. Gujarat has the highest number of airports
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only (b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 or 2
80. Match List 1 (Minerals) with List II (Location) and select the correct answer using the codes given below:
List-I
List-II
A.
Coal
1.
Giridih
B.
Coppej
2.
Jayamkondam
C.
Manganese
3.
Alwar
D.
Lignite
4.
Dharwar
Codes:
(a) A-1; B-4;C-3; D-2
(b) A-2; B-3;C-4; D-1
(c) A-1; B-3;C-4; D-2
(d) A-2; B-4;C-3; D-1
81. Which among the following National Highway routes is the longest? [2004]
(a) Agra-Mumbai (b) Chennai-Thane
(c) Kolkata-Hajira (d) Pune-Machilipatnam
82. Consider the following: [2004]
1. Mahadeo Hills
2. Sahyadri Parvat
3. Satpura Range
What is the correct sequence of the above from the north to the south?
(a) 1,2,3 (b) 2,1,3
(c) 1,3,2 (d) 2,3,1
83. Lake Sambhar is nearest to which one of the following cities of Rajasthan? [2004]
(a) Bharatpur (b) Jaipur
(c) Jodhpur (d) Udaipur
84. Match List I (National Park/Sanctuary) with List II (State) and select the correct answer using the codes given below:
[2004]
List-I List-II
A Kanger Ghati National 1. Chhattisgarh Park
B. Nagerhole National 2. Haryana Park
C. Kugti Wildlife sanctuary 3. Himachal Pradesh
D. Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary 4. Karnataka
Codes:
(a) A-3; B-2;C-1; D-4
(b) A-1;B-4; C-3; D-2
(c) A-3; B-4;C-1; D-2-
(d) A-1; B-2;C-3; D-4
85. Which one of the following statements is not correct? [2004]
(a) Gulf with narrow fronts and wider rears experience high tides
(b) Tidal currents take place when a gulf is connected with the open sea by a narrow channel
(c) Tidal bore occurs when a tide enters the narrow and shallow estuary of a river
(d) The tidal nature of the mouth of the river Hooghly is of crucial importance to Kolkata as port
86. Assertion (A): Bangalore receives much higher average annual rainfall than that of Mangalore.
Reason (R): Bangalore has the benefit of receiving rainfall both from south-west and north-east monsoons. [2004]
(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true
87. Assertion (A) : West - flowing rivers of Peninsular India have no deltas.
Reason (R): These Rivers do not carry any alluvial sediment. [2004]
(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
88. Consider the following statements :
1. Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research uses fast reactor technology
2. Atomic Minerals Directorate for Research and Exploration is engaged in heavy water production
3. Indian Rare Earths Limited is engaged in the manufacture of Zircon for India's Nuclear Programme beside other rare earth products.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) 1,2 and 3 (b) 1 and 2
(c) 1 and 3 (d) 2 and 3
89. Match List I (Beaches in India) with List II (States) and select the correct answer using the codes given below: [2004]
List- I
A. Gopinath Beach
B. Lawsons Bay Beach
C. Devbagh Beach
D. Sinquuerium Beach
1. Andhra Pradesh
2. Kerala
3. Gujarat
4. Goa
5. Karnataka
Codes:
(a) A-5; B-4;C-2; D-1
(b) A-3;B-1;C-5;D-4
(c) A-5; B-1;C-2; D-4
(d) A-3; B-4;C-5; D-1
90. Match List I (Biosphere Reserve) with List II (States) and select the correct answer using the codes given below: [2004]
List-I
List-II
A.
Similipal
1. Sikkim
B.
Dehong Deband
2. Uttaranchal
C.
Nokrek
3. Arunachal Pradesh
D.
Kanchenjunga
4. Orissa
5. Meghalaya
Codes:
(a) A-1; B-3;C-5; D-4
(b) A-4; B-5;C-2; D-1
(c) A-1; B-5; C-2; D-4
(d) A-4; B-3; C-5: D-1
91. Amongst the following Indian States which one has the minimum total forest cover?
(a) Sikkim (b) Goa
(c) Haryana (d) Kerala
92. Consider the following statements: [2005]
1. The forest cover in India constitutes around 20% of its geographical area. Out of the total forest cover, dense forest constitutes around 40%.
2. The National Forestry Action Programme aims at bringing one third of the area of India under tree forest cover.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only (b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2
93. Consider the following statements. [2005]
1. Areawise, Chhattisgarh is larger than West Bengal.
2. According to the population 2001 census, population of West Bengal is larger than that of Chhattisgarh.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only (b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2
94. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists. [2005]
List-I (Atomic Power Plants /Heavy Water Plants) List-II (State)
A. Thai 1. Andhra Pradesh
B. Manuguru 2. Gujarat
C. Kakrapar 3. Maharashtra
D. Kaiga 4. Rajasthan
5. Karnataka
(a) A-2; B-1;C-4; D-5
(b) A-3; B-5;C-2; D-1
(c) A-2; B-5;C-4; D-1
(d) A-3; B-1;C-2; D-5
95. Which one of the following statements is not correct? [2005]
(a) The Western Ghats are relatively lower in their northern region.
(b) The Anai Mudi is the highest peak in the Western Ghats.
(c) Tapi river lies to the South of Satpura
(d) The Narmada and the Tapti river valleys are said to be old rift valleys.
96. Gandhi Sagar Dam is a part of which one of the following?
(a) Chambal Project [2005]
(b) Kosi Project
(c) Damodar Valley Project
(d) Bhakra Nangal Project
97. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of the given hills starting from the north and going towards the south? [2005]
(a) Nallamalai Hills-Nilgiri Hills-Javadi Hills-Anaimalai Hills
(b) Anaimalai Hills-Javadi Hills-Nilgiri Hills N allamalai Hills
(c) Nallamalai Hills- Javadi Hills-Nilgiri Hills -Anaimalai Hills
(d) Anaimalai Hills-Nilgiri Hills-Javadi Hills Nallamalai Hills
98. Which one of the following is not a Biosphere Reserve? [2005]
(a) Agasthyamali (b) Nallamalai
(c) Nilgiri (d) Panchmarhi
99. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of the given Indian cities in the decreasing order, of their normal annual rainfall? [2005]
(a) Kochi-Kolkata-Delhi-Patna
(b) Kolkata-Kochi-Patna-Delhi
(c) Kochi-Kolkata-Patna-Delhi
(d) Kolkata-Kochi-Delhi-Patna
100. Which of the following states border Uttar Pradesh? [2005]
1. Punjab 2. Rajasthan
3. Chhattisgarh 4. Jharkhand
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(a) 1,2,3 and4 (b) 2,3 and 4
(c) 1 and 4 (d) 1 and 3
101. Match items in the list-I with list-II and select the correct
List-I (Power Station)
A. Kothagudem
B. Raichur
C. Mettur
D. Wankbori
List-II (State)
1.Andhra Pradesh
2. Gujarat
3. Karnataka
4. Tamil Nadu
Codes:
(a) A-4; B-2;C-1; D-3
(b) A-1; B-3;C-4; D-2
(c) A-4; B-3;C-1; D-2
(d) A-1; B-2;C-4; D-3
102. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:
List-I (National Park /Wildlife Sanctuary)
A. Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary
B. Kangerghat National Park
C. Orang Sanctuary
D. Ushkothi Wildlife Sanctuary
List-II
1. Orissa
2. Assam
3. Chhattisgarh
4. Goa
5. Tripura
Codes:
(a) A-2; B-1;C-5; D-3
(b) A-4; B-3;C-2; D-1
(c) A-2; B-3;C-5; D-1
(d) A-4; B-1;C-2; D-3
103. Consider the following statements concerning the Indian Railways. [2005]
1. The Head Quarters of the North Western Railway are located at Jodhpur.
2. "Indrail Pass" a travel as you please ticket has been created especially for freedom fighters and sportspersons who have represented India in any games/sport.
3. Fairy Queen in a train using the world's oldest working engine and the Indian Railways conduct a journey of wildlife and heritage sites on it.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 2 only (b) 3 only
(c) 1 and 2 (d) None
104. Consider the following statements: [2006]
1. Sikkim has the minimum, area among the 28 Indian States (Delhi and Pondicherry not included).
2. Chandigarh has the highest literacy rate among Pondicherry, National Capital Territory of Delhi and other Union Territories.
3. Maharashtra has the highest population after Uttar Pradesh among the 28 Indian States (Delhi and Pondicherry not included).
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 (b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 only (d) 3 only
105. Match List-I (Centre of Handicrafts) with List-II (State) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: [2006]
List-I (Centre of Handicrafts)
A. Mon
B. Nalbari
C. Naisghat
D. Tura Codes
List-II (State)
1. Arunachal Pradesh
2. Assam
3. Meghalaya
4. Nagaland
(a) A-4; B-2;C-1; D-3 (b) A-1; B-3;C-4; D-2
(c) A-4; B-3;C-1; D-2 (d) A-1;B-2;C-4;D-3
106. Consider the following statements: [2006]
1. Petronet LNG Ltd. is setting up another LNG terminal at Mangalore.
2. The Head Office of the Dredging Corporation of India is at Vishakhapatnam.
3. The Narwapahar Mine is operated by the Uranium Corporation of India Limited.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) 1,2 and 3 (b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1 and 3 only
107. Consider the following statements: [2006]
1. Appellate Tribunal for Electricity has been established! by each State Government in India.
2. One of the component of the Accelerated Power| Development and Reforms Programme (APDRP) is u gradation of sub-transmission and distribution system for electricity in India.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only (b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2
108. Match List-I (Valley) with List-II (State) and select the con answer using the codes given below the lists: [2006]
List-I (Valley)
List-II (State)
A.
Markha Valley
1.
Sikkim
B.
Dzukou Valley
2.
Himachal Pradesh
C.
Sangla Valley
3.
Jammu and Kashmir
D.
Yumthang Valley
4.
Nagaland
Codes:
(a) A-2;B-4;C-3;D-1 (b) A-3;B-1;C-2;D-4
(c) A-2;B-1;C-3;D-4 (d) A-3;B-4;C-2;D-1
109. Which one of the following statements is not correct? [2006]
(a) Mahanadi River rises in Chhattisgarh
(b) Godavari River rises in Maharashtra
(c)Cauvery River rises in Andhra Pradesh
(d) Tapti River rises in Madhya Pradesh
110. Match List-I (National Park/Wildlife Sanctuary) with List-I) (Nearby Town) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: [2006]
List-I (National park/Wildlife Sanctuary)
A. Chandra Prabha
B. Karera
C. Jaisamand
D. Nahargarh
List-II(nearby Town)
1. Jaipur
2. Jhansi
3. Agra
4. Varanasi
5. Udaipur
Codes:
(a) A-4;B-4;C-1;D-1 (b) A-5;B-2;C-3;D-1
(c) A-4;B-2;C-5;D-1 (d) A-5;B-1;C-3;D-2
111. From North towards South, which one of the following is the correct sequence of the given rivers in India? [2006]
(a) Shyok-Spiti-Zaskar- Satluj.
(b) Shyok-Zaskar-Spiti-Satluj
(c) Zaskar-Shyok-Satluj- Spiti
(d) Zaskar-Satluj-Shyok-Spiti
112. In which one of the following districts, have large reserves of diamond-bearing kimberlite been discovered in the recent past? [2007]
(a) Hoshangabad (b) Raipur
(c) Sambalpur (d) Warangal
113. With reference to the steel industry in India in the recent times, consider the following statements: [2007]
Vizag Steel Plant (RINL) has been declared Mini Rama. Merger of IISCO with SAIL has been completed.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only (b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2
114. The Stilwell Road, built in 1940s, which was recently in news, connects which of the following? [2007]
(a) Agartala in India and Yangon in Myanmar via Bangladesh
(b) Ledo in India and Kunming in China via Myanmar
(c) Kalimpong in India and Lhasa in Tibet via Bhutan
(d) Imphal in India and Bangkok in Thailand via Myanmar
115. Which one of the following is also known as Top Slip? [2007]
a) Simlipal National Park
b) Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
c) Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary
d) Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park
116. Where are Shevaroy Hills located? [2007]
(a) Andhra Pradesh (b) Karnataka
(c) Kerala (d) Tamil Nadu
117. Assertion (A): River Kalinadi is an east-flowing river in the southern part of India.
Reason (R): The Deccan Plateau is higher along its western edge and gently slopes towards the Bay of Bengal in the east. [2007]
(a) Both A are R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true
118. Which one of the following National Highways passes through Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Orissa? [2007]
(a) NH4 (b) NH5
(c) NH6 (d) NH 7
119. Consider the following statements: [2007]
1. Baiaghat is known for its diamond mines.
2. Majhgawan is known for its manganese deposits.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only (b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2
120. Which one of the following rivers originates at Amarkantak? [2007]
(a) Damodar (b) Mahanadi
(c) Narmada (d) Tapi
121. Which one among the following major Indian cities is most eastward located? [2007]
(a) Hyderabad (b) Bhopal
(c) Lucknow (d) Bangaluru (Bangalore)
122. Out of the four southern States: Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, which shares boundaries with the maximum number of Indian States? [2007]
(a) Andhra Pradesh only
(b) Karnataka only
(c) Each of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka
(d) Each of Tamil Nadu and Kerala
123. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists: [2007]
List-I (Aluminium Company)
A. BALCO
B. HINDALCO
C. Indian Aluminium Company
D. NALCO
List II (Location)
1. Hirakud
2. Korba
3. Koraput
4. Renukoot
Code:
(a) A-3; B-1; C-4; D-2 (b) A-2; B-4; C-1; D-3
(c) A-3; B-4;C-1; D-2 (d) A-2; B-1;C-4; D-3
124. Which one of the following is located in the Bastar region? [2007]
(a) Bandhavgarh National Park
(b) Dandeli Sanctuary
(c) Rajaji National Park
(d) Indravati National Park
125. In which State is the Guru Shikhar Peak located? [2007]
(a) Rajasthan (b) Gujarat
(c) Madhya Pradesh (d) Maharashtra
126. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists: [2007]
List-I (Town) List-II (River Nearer to it)
A. Betul 1. Indravati
B. Jagdalpur 2. Narmada
C. Jabalpur 3. Shipra
D. Ujjain 4. Tapti Code:
(a) A-1; B-4; C-2; D-3 (b) A-4; B-1; C-2; D-3
(c) A-4; B-1;C-3; D-2 (d) A-1; B-4;C-3; D-2
127. Consider the following statements: [2007]
1. In India, Red Panda is naturally found in the Western Himalayas only.
2. In India, Slow Loris lives in the dense forests of the North East.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only (b) 2 only
(c) Both land 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2
128. Which one of the following is not essentially a species of the Himalayan vegetation? [2008]
(a) Juniper (b) Mahogany
(c) Islver fir (d) Spruce
129. Which of the following hills are found where the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats meet? [2008]
(a) Anaimalai Hills (b) Cardamom Hills
(c) Nilgiri Hills (d) Shevoroy Hills
130. Consider the following pairs: [2008]
Tributary River Main River
1. Chambal Narmada
2. Sone Yamuna
3. Manas Brahmaputra
Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?
(a) 1, 2 and 3 (b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only (d) 3 only
131. Consider the following statements: [2008]
1. Salt-water crocodile is found in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
2. Shrew and tapir are found in the Western Ghats of the Malabar region.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only (b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2
132. In which one of the following states are Namchik Namphuk Coalfields located? [2008]
(a) Arunachal Pradesh (b) Meghalaya
(c) Manipur (d) Mizoram
133. Which of the following minerals found in a natural way in the State of Chhattisgarh? [2008]
1. Bauxite 2. Dolomite
3. Iron ore 4. Tin
Select the correct answer using code given below:
Code:
(a) 1, 2 and 3 only (b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 4 only (d) 1, 2, 3 and4
134. On which one of the following rivers is the Tehri Hydropower Complex located? [2008]
(a) Alaknanda (b) Bhagirathi
(c) Dhauliganga (d) Mandakini
135. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched? [2008 ]
Waterfalls River
1. Kapildhara Falls : Godavari
2. Jog Falls : Sharavati
3. Isvasamudram Falls : Cauvery
Select the correct answer using the code given below: Code:
(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3
136. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched? [200 8]
Irrigation Project State
1. Damanganga : Gujurat
2. Gima : Maharashtra
3. Pamba : Kerala
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
Code:
(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3
137. Consider the following statements: [2008]
1. Chikmagalur is well-known for sugar production.
2. Mandya is well-known as a coffee producing region
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only (b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2
138. Where are Tapovan and Vishnugarh Hydroelectric Pro- located? [2008]
(a) Madhya Pradesh (b) Uttar Pradesh
c) Uttarakhand (d) Rajasthan
139. Which of the following are among the million-plus cities India on the basis of data of the Census, 2001?
1. Ludhiana 2. Kochi
3. Surat 4. Nagpur
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
Code:
(a) 1, 2 and 3 only (b) 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 1 and 4 only (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
140. Which one among the following has the maximum nu of National Parks? [2008]
(a) Andaman and Nicobar Islands
(b) Arunachal Pradesh
(c) Assam
(d) Meghalaya
141. Consider the following regions: [2008]
1. Eastern Himalayas
2. Eastern Mediterranean region
3. North-western Australia
Which of the above is/are Biodiveristy Hotspot(s)?
(a) 1 only (b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1,2 and 3
142. In India, which one of the following States has the largest inland saline wetland? [2009]
(a) Gujarat (b) Haryana
(c) Madhya Pradesh (d) Rajasthan
143. In India, the ports are categorized as major and non major ports. Which one of the following is a non-major port? [2009]
(a) Kochi (Cochin) (b) Dahej
(c) Paradip (d) New Mangalore
144. The Dul Hasti Power Station is based on which one of the following rivers? [2009]
(a) Beas (b) Chenab
(c) Ravi (d) Sutlej
145. Which one of the following is the country's administrative capital new federal administrative centre of Malayisa? [2009]
(a) Kota Bharu (b) Kuala Terengganu
(c) Putrajaya (d) Taiping
146. Conisder the following statements: [2009]
1. In the world, the tropical deserts occur along the western margins of continents within the trade wind belt.
2. In India, the East Himalayan region gets high rainfall from north-east winds.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only (b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2
147. Which one of the following rivers does not originate in India?
[2009]
(a) Beas (b) Chenab
(c) Ravi (d) Sutlej
148. At which one of the following places do two important rivers of India originate; while one of them flows towards north and merges with another important rivers flowing towards Bay of Bengal, the other one flows towards Arabian Sea? [2009]
(a) Amarkantak (b) Badrinath
(c) Mahabaleshwar (d) Nasik
149. Consider the following statements: [2009]
1. India does not have any deposits of thorium.
2. Kerala's monazite sands contain Uranium
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only (b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2
150. Consider the following statements: [2009]
1. There are no east flowing rivers in Kerala.
2. There are no west flowing rivers in Madhya Pradesh. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only (b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2
151. Consider the following statements: [2010]
1. The boundaries of a National Park are defined by legislation.
2. A Biosphere Reserve is declared to conserve a few specific species of flora and fauna.
3. In a Wildlife Sanctuary, limited biotic interference is permitted
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only (b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only (d) 1,2 and 3
152. Following are the characteristics of an area in India: [2010]
1. Hot and humid climate
2. Annual rainfall 200 cm
3. Hill slopes up to an altitude of 1100 metres
4. Annual range of temperature 15°C to 30°C.
Which one among the following crops are you most likely to find in the area described above?
(a) Mustard
(b) Cotton
(c) Pepper
(d) Virginia tobacco
153. With reference to the mineral resources of India, consider the following pairs: [2010]
Mineral 90% Natural sources in
1. Copper .................... Jharkhand
2. Nickel ....................... Orissa
3. Tungsten ........................Kerala
Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3, only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
154. India is a party to the Ramsar Convention and has declared many areas as Ramsar Sites. Which of the following statements best describes as to how we should maintain these sites in the context of this Convention? [2010]
(a) Keep all the sites completely inaccesisble to man so that they will not be exploited
(b) Conserve all the sites through ecosystem approach and permit tourism and recreation only.
(c) Conserve all the sites through ecosystem approach for a period without any exploitation, with specific criteria and specific period for each site, and then allow sustainable use of them by future generations
(d) Conserve all the sites through ecosystem approach and allow their simultaneous sustainable use
155. Consider the following pairs:
Protected area Well-known for
1. Bhiterkanika, Orissa ................ Salt Water Crocodile
2. Desert National Park Rajasthan............... Great Indian Bustard
3. Eravikulam, Kerala .................. Hoolak Gibbon
Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?
(a) 1 only (b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 only (d) 1, 2 and 3
156. In India, which type of forest among the following occupies the largest area? [2010]
(a) Montane Wet Temperate Forest
(b) Sub-tropical Dry Evergreen Forest
(c) Tropical Moist Deciduous Forest
(d) Tropical Wet Evergreen Forest
157. Tamil Nadu is a leading producer of mill-made cotton yarn in the country. What could be the reason? [2010]
1. Black cotton soil is the predominant type of soil in the State.
2. Rich pool of skilled labour is available. Which of the above is/are the correct reasons?
(a) 1 only (b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2
158. Consider the following statements; [2010]
1. On the planet Earth, the fresh water available for use amounts to about less than 1 % of the total water found.
2. Of the total fresh water found on the planet Earth 95% is bound up in polar ice caps and glaciers.
Which of the statements given above is / are correct?
(a) 1 only (b) 2 only
(c) Both I and, 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2
159. Rivers that pass through Himachal Pradesh are [2010]
(a) Beas and Chenab only
(b) Beas and Ravi only
(c) Chenab, Ravi and Satluj only
(d) Beas, Chenab, Ravi, Satluj and Yamuna
160. When you travel in certain parts of India, you will notice red soil, What is the main reason for this colour? [2010]
(a) Abundance of magneisum
(b) Accumulated humus
(c) Presence of ferric ox ides
(d) Abundance of phosphates
161. Which one of the following is the appropriate reason for considering the Gondwana rocks as most important of rock systems of India? [2010]
(a) More than 90% of limestone reserves of India are found in them
(b) More than 90% of India's coal reserves are found in them
(c) More than 90% of fertile black cotton soils are spread over them
(d) None of the reasons given above is appropriate in this context
162. Which one of the following pairs is nut correctly matched? [2010]
Dam Lake River
(a) Govind Sagar : Satluj
(b) KolleruLake : Krishna
(c) Ukai Reservoir : Tapi
(d) WularLake : Jhelum
163. If there were no Himalayan ranges, what would have been the most likely geographical impact on India? [2010]
1. Much of the country would experience the cold waves from Siberia.
2. Indo-gangetic plain would be devoid of such extenisve alluvial soils.
3. The pattern of monsoon would be different from what it is at present.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only.
(d) 1,2 and 3
164. The latitudes that pass through Sikkim also pass through [2010]
(a) Rajasthan
(b) Punjab
(c) Himachal Pradesh
(d) Jammu & Kashmir
165. What are the possible limitations of India in mitigating the global warming at present and in the immediate future? [2010]
1. Appropriate alternate technologies are not sufficiently available
2. India cannot invest huge funds in research and development
3. Many developed countries have already set up their polluting industries in India
Which of the statements given above is/ are correct
(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only (d) 1,2 and 3
166. The approximate representation of land use classification in India is [2010]
(a) Net area sown, 25 %, forests 33%, other areas 42%
(b) Net area sown 58%, forests 17%, other areas 25 %
(c) Net area sown 43%; forests 29%, other areas 28 %
(d) Net area sown 47%, forests 23%, other areas 30%
167. Consider the following which can be found in the ambient atmosphere [2010]
1. Soot
2. Sulphur hexafluoride
3. Water vapour
Which of the above contribute to the warming up of the atmosphere?
(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3.


Answers :
1. (c) The alpine vegetation in eastern Himalayas is found only upto 3000 meters because in eastern Himalayas the monsoon rainfall is higher than western Himalayas.
4. (a) The quotation referred to Sundarban of West Bengal. Sundarban is famous for mangrove forest and tiger. It is present at the delta region of Ganga. Sundarban is world's largest delta of world.
5. (a) The palaeomagnetic results indicates that, the Indian landmass has moved to northward.
7. (d) Most of the geologists believes that the Indian peninsula was a part of the global Gondwana land (continent) which drifted northwards and India, Africa and other parts separated.
8. (c) Ajanta mountain range a short mountain range, which spreads within Maharashtra. Aravalli mountain range spreads in western India and eastern Pakistan. Satpura range is a mountain range starts from the state of Gujarat and extends to Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh & Maharashtra.
9. (b) National Highway from Amritsar to Calcutta via Delhi is called National highway No.2. It was called Grand Trunk road and was made by Sher Shah.
11. (b) Due to the intensive low pressure belt developed in the north-western plains, the south-west monsoon enters the Indian sub continent. It blows from Bay of Bengal and the Arabian sea.
12. (c) The state which are produce maximum amount of Ores are:-
Ores State
A. Manganese 1. Madhya Pradesh
B. Nickel 2. Orissa
C. Lead-Zinc 3. Rajasthan
D. Asbestos 4. Andhra Pradesh
13. (a) Idukki is a hydro-electric project of Kerala. So, the '1' option is not correct.
14. (c) Western and southern India produces the large amount of cotton. The states like Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh. Tamil Nadu and Karnataka are the major state where cotton is grown.
15. (a) The quotation refers the place Transquebar of TamilNadu. In 1620 A.D. Danes established their settlement.
16. (a) Kishenganga river is called Neelam river of central area of Jammu & Kashmir. Ganga river originates from Gangotri, it flows the Indian States of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal.
Wainganga originates about 12 km from Mundara village of Seoni district in southern slopes of Satpura range of Madhya Pradesh.
17. (c) Madras is warmer than Calcutta, because Madras is situated between 12-16°N latitude whereas Calcutta is situated between 20-24°N latitude. Snow fall occurs in Himalayas due to higher altitude. Rainfall decreases from West Bengal to Punjab due to distance from the sea because the monsoon rainfall decreases as increase in distance from the sea. Sutlej-Ganga plan gets some rain in winter due to western depressions.
18. (b) Major Peninsular Geological Eras and Periods
(i) Decan Traps - Cretaceous eras
(ii) Western Ghats - Late cenozoic eras
(iii) Aravalli - Pre cambrian eras
(iv) Narmada-Tapti - Pleistocene period alluvial deposits
19. (d) The January isotherm taken as a basis for dividing India into tropical and subtropical zones is 15°C.
20. (b) Coal is found in Karanpura of Jharkhand. Gold is found in mines of Hutti in Karnataka. Mica is found in Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh. Manganese is found in Bhandara of Maharashtra.
21. (c) The Alamatti is build on the river Krishna. It is a multipurpose project, the water used in canal irrigation and hydroelectric production.
23. (c) The canal carrying capacity ol'Faracca barrage is 40,000 cusec. Faracca barrage is 224 5 metre long barrage across the river Ganga.
24. (d) Sunderi tree is found in Sunderban area of West Bengal. Sunderban is a largest wetland area of world. Sunderban got its name itself due to abundance of 'Sunderi' tree in this area.
26. (d) The tribal population of Andaman and Nicobar belong to Negroid race and a small population of Shompen and Nicobars are Mongloid descent.
27. (b)
28. (a) Damodar is the east (lowing river has rift valley due to down warping. Down warp denotes a segment of the earth's crust that is broadly bent downward.
31. (a) List I(Minerals) List II(Mining area)
Graphite Rampa
Lead Zawar
Salt Bellary
Silver Didwana
32. (a) The Oak Tasar silk is highly produced in Assam, which is used in Sericulture. The Oak flora discovered in 1966 in Assam.
33. (b) Places Industries State
A. Jamnagar Woolen textiles Gujarat
B. Hospet Iron and Steel Industry
C. Korba Aluminium Industry Chhatisgarh
D. Haldia Fertilizers Assam
34. (b) In the vicinity of Mumbai, a number of specialised town's have been developed. AIibag is specialised town for holiday resort. Balapur is a petrochemical complex. Nhava Sheva is a port and Ratnagiri is a fishing centre.
35. (a) Arrangement of descending order of the surface roads per 100 sq. km of their area.
Tamil Nadu has 158.78 km, Punjab has 127.78 km, Maharashtra has 117.61 km, Haryana has 63.70 km.
36. (b)
37. (c) Some people in Manipur live in house built on floating Islands of weeds and decaying vegetation held together by suspended silt. These Islands are called "Phoomdis".
40. (a) Konkan Railway route connects Roha in Maharashtra with Mangalore in Karnataka. Konkan Railway established with partnership of three states Maharashtra, Goa and Karnataka. The state of Goa, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Kerala would benefit most from Konkan railway.
41. (d) Mumbai and Pune has been connected through 6-lane express way.
42. (d)
43. (b) For proper ecological balance 33% of forest land is recommended, but in India we have only 20.14% of forest.
46. (d) Lakshadweep is situated in the Bay of Bengal of Indian shores. It is India's first marine sanctuary. It gives conservation of coral reefs and other biodiversity.
47. (d) Lambada tribes are found in Rajasthan, not in Madhya Pradesh.
49. (b)
50. (a) The Ravva offshore block is present at Krishna-Godavari basin of Andhra Pradesh. It is the area of great reserve of petroleum and natural gas.
52. (a) Indira Gandhi Canal originated from Harike Barrage at Sultanpur on Sutlej but Ghaggar is a tributary of river Saraswati, which ends in Thar desert.
54. (c) MundasarethetribalsofJharkhand, not Chhota Nagpur of Madhya Pradesh.
55. (a) Siltation is the process of deposition of silt on the river bed through rain water, by which the depth of the river reduces. So the flood water crosses the river embankment, by which flood causes in most part of North India.
56. (b) The Ganga plain is most important plain of India. The gangetic plain covers more than a fourth of the country's total surface. The alluvial fertile soil is very helpful for cultivation of different cereals, pulses and nuts. So, most of the population resides in this plain area.
59. (b) Mekong Ganga cooperation project is a joint tourism initiative ofSouth-EastAsia. Mekong is a river of China, whereas Ganga is a river of India.
60. (a) Both assertion and reasons are true and reason is correct explanation of assertion. In north India, a feeble high-pressure region develops, with light winds moving outwards from this area. Influenced by the relief, these winds blow through the Ganga valley from west and north west, which forms an anti cyclonic condition in northern part of India.
61. (a) According to the data of the year 2000, the power generation is 95000 MW. In which nuclear plants contribute 2% of total power generation. Hydroelectricity plants contribute 25% of total produc­tion and 73% contributes of thermal power plant.
62. (a) The Aravalis range is the oldest mountain in India. The approximate age of the Aravallis range is 370 million years.
63. (a) The correct sequence of eastward flowing river of the peninsular India from north to south is Subarnarekha, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Pennar, Cauvery and Vagai.
64. (d) Indian railway is the fourth largest railway in the world after USA, Russia and China. National Highways is nearly 2% (1.96%) of total roads, but it carries nearly 40 -45% of road traffic of India.
Maharastra has the highest density of the surface roads, not Kerala, National Highway No. 7 is the longest in the country which joins Varanasi to Kanyakumari.
65. (b) The climatic condition of Chennai refers the tropical savanna type where the average annual-temperature of meterological station is 26°C and average rainfall is 63 cm and annual range temperature is 9°C.
66. (c) The sea coast of Orissa has become famous as a nesting place for giant olive Ridley turtles from South America.
67. (b) With reference to India, the dominant source of irrigation in country is by canals, about 45% land is irrigated by canals.
68. (d) Open stunted forests with bushes and small trees having long roots and sharp thorns or spines are commonly found in the area where the rainfall is less than 80 cm. This area having are found in Rajastan, Gujarat, Haryana and western Andhra Pradesh.
69. (d) Achra Ratnagiri Mangroove is in Maharashtra, Coodnapur Mangrove is in Karnataka, Pichavaram Mangroove is in Tamil Nadu and Vembanad Mangroove' is in Kerala.
70. (b) The correct sequence of the river in descending order of their lengths are Godavari (1465 km), Narmada (1312 km), Mahanadi (858 km) and Tapti (724 km).
71. (b) Nanda Devi peak forms a part of Kumaon Himalayas located in Chamoli district of Uttaranchal.
72. (a) Banglore is the city which is present at 937 metres above sea level, Delhi is above 218 metres above sea level, Jodhpur is 230 metres and Nagpur is 247.5 metres above sea level.
73. (c) The longitude of Jabalpur's location is to the east of Bhopal, not between those of Indore and Bhopal.
74. (c) The area of Andhra Pradesh is 275,068 sq km, area of Gujarat is 196,024 sq km, the area of Karnataka is 191, 791 sq km and Tamil Nadu is 130,058 sq km.
75. (b) The tropic of cancer located at 23.5° north, and the location of Kolkata is 22°33' N. So, Kolkata is nearer to tropic of cancer. Delhi is 28.38°N.
76. (a) Onge is the major tribes of the union territory of Andaman and Nicobar. They used to fully dependent on hunting and gathering. They belong to Negrito race.
77. (a) Statement' 1' is correct, because National Thermal Power Corporation is diversified into the hydro projects. Presently it has undertaken Koldem project in Himachal Pradesh.
78. (c) Damodar valley corporation's is first multi-purpose river valley project of Independent India in the year 1954. The joint venture projects are Maithon power limited, Panchat, Tilayiya are hydro-electric power station.
79. (d) Gujarat has the longest coast line with 1600 km and the coast line of Andhra Pradesh is 970 km. Gujarat state has 40 major and minor ports are present. 13 ports in South Gujarat, 23 ports in Saurastra and Kachh region has 4 ports.
80.(c)
Minerals
Location
A.
Coal
1.
Giridih
B.
Copper
3.
Alwar
C.
Manganese
4.
Dharwar
D.
Lignite
2.
Jayamkondam
81. (c)
82. (c)
Sea
Country
A.
Black Sea
Bulgaria
B.
Red Sea
Eritrea
C.
Yellow Sea
China
D.
Caspian Sea
Kazakisthan
83. (c) The correct sequence of the above from the north to south of these mountains is Mahadeo Hills - Satpura Range - Sahyadri Parvat.
84. (b) Sambhar is India's largest salt lake which is present 96 km south west of city Jaipur.
85. (c) National Park/Sanctuary
A. Kanger Ghati National Park - Chhatisgarh
B. Nagerhole National Park - Karnataka
C. Kugti Wildlife Sanctuary - Himachal Pradesh
D. Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary - Haryana
86. (d) Banglore receives lesser rainfall than Manglore.
Manglore is located in western wind slope and receives 2000 mm of rainfall, whereas Banglore present in rain shadow area so it receives less than 500 mm of water.
87. (a) West flowing rivers Narmda and Tapti do not form delta,because topography of western peninsular India is rocky which devoid of loose sediments and no alluvial sediments carried by the river water.
88. (a) All the statements are correct according to Atomic developments in India.
89. (b) Beach in India States
A. Gopinath Beach Gujarat
B. Lawsons Bay Beach : Andhra Pradesh
C. Devbagh Beach : Karnataka
D. Srinquerium Beach Goa
90. (d) Similipal biosphere reserve is present in Orissa. Dehong Deband biosphere reserve is present in Arunachal Pradesh, Norkek biosphere reserve is present in Meghalaya and Kanchenjunga biosphere reserve is situated in Sikkim.
91. (c) Haryana is the state which has 6.83% of area is forest cover area of the total land coverage, whereas Sikkim has 36%, 38.5 of Goa and 28.9% of Kerala has forest area of total land mass.
92. (b) Out of the total forest cover, dense forest constitute around 2.54% is very dense forest and 8.77% are moderately dense forest. National Forestry Action Programme aims a long term plan to achieve the target of 33% forest cover.
93. (e) Area of Chhatisgarh is 1, 36, 03489 km and Area of West Bengal is 88,572 sq km but the population density is in Chhattigarh is 154, whereas the population density in West Bengal is 904.
94. (d) Atomic Power Plant State
A. Thai Maharastra
B. Manuguru Andhra Pradesh
C. Kakrapar Gujrat
D. Kaiga Karnataka
95. (a) Western Ghats are relatively higher in their northern region. The river Narmada and Tapti are the only notable exceptions which flow in a rift valley before emptying them to Arabean Sea.
96. - (a) Gandhi Sagar Dam is situated on river Chambal in 1960, near Bhanpura of Madhya Pradesh.
97. (c) The correct sequence of the given hills starting from north and going towards to south is Nallamalai Hills, Javaeli Hills, Nilgiri Hills, Annamalai Hills.
98. (b) Nallamalai is not a biosphere reserve. It is hill of Eastern ghats which stretches Kurnool, Mahabubnagar, Guntur and Kadapa districts of the state of Andhra Pradesh.
99. (c) The correct sequence of the given Indian cities in the decreasing order of their normal annual rainfall is Kochi (3228.3 mm) - Kolkata (1, 582 mm) - Patna (1000 - 1237mm)-Delhi (707mm).
100. (b) Uttar Pradesh is bounded by Haryana. Delhi. Rajasthan in west; Madhya Pradesh in the south and Bihar in the east. The northern frontiers are adjoining to Nepal.
101. (b) Power Station State
A. Kothagudem : Andhra Pradesh
B. Raichur : Karnataka
C. Mettur Tamil Nadu
D. Wank bori : Gujrat
102. National Park/Wildlife Sanctuary Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary - Goa Kangerghat National Park - Chhatisgarh Orange Sanctuary - Assam Ushkothi wildlife Sanctuary - Orissa.
103. (b)
104. (d) Maharastra is ranked as 2nd after Uttar Pradesh among 28 Indian states. So, option '3' is correct. But option '1' and '2' are incorrect, because Goa is the smallest state according to area (i.e., 3702 sq km), not tht Sikkim and the highest literacy rate of Union territory is Lakshadweep that is 86.7%.
105. (a)
106. (a) All the statements are true.
107. (b) By virtue of section 110 of the Electricity Act 2003, an Appellate Tribunal for Electricity having Jurisdiction throughout India has been set up to hear appeals or original petitions against the order of the Adjudicating officer. But in states like Delhi and Orissa electricity has been privatized. So, the statement T is wrong.
108. (d)
109. (c) Cauvery is a river of southern India, rises on Brahmagiri Hill in Western Ghats in Coorg district of Karnataka.
110. (c)
111. (b) The correct sequence of the rivers in India from north towards south is Shyok - Zaskar - Spiti - Satluj. Shyok flows through northern Ladakh in India. Zaskar river flows in north-eastern part of Ladakh. Spiti river is istuated at Kaza in Himachal Pradesh at the elevation of 12500 feet.
Satluj river rise from slopes of Kailash and flows in south-westerly direction to Himachal Pradesh & Punjab.
112. (b) Large reserves of diamond-bearing Kimberlite been discovered in Payali and Behradim of Raipur, Chhatisgarh.
113. (c) Vizag Steel Plant was declared as a Mini Ratna company on 11th Feb 2006 and merging of IISCO with SAIL has been completed on 29th September 2004.
114. (b) The Stilwell Road built in 1940s by Americans to connect Ledo in India and Kunming in China via Myanmar duirng.Second World War.
115. (d) Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park is known as top slip. It is a part of Western Ghats is located above 300 mtrs from the sea level on the Anamalai mountain ranges.
116. (d) Shevaroy hill is istuated near Salem ofTamil Nadu. This hill range covers an area of fifty square kilometers.
117. (d) River Kalinadi is an west flowing river in the southern part of India. So, the assertion is wrong. Deccan Plateau which elevation ranges from 1,500 to 2,500 ft and gently slopes towards the Bay of Bengal in the east. So, the reason is correct.
118. (c) National highways passes through Gujrat, Maharastra, Chhatisgarh, Orissa, Jharkhand and West Bengal. This road is 1,949 km long.
119. (d) Balaghat of Madhya Pradesh is known for its diamond mines and Majhgawan is famous for Manganese depoist.
120. (c) The Narmada river originates from a tank 1057 m high on the west of Amarkantak plateau of Madhya Pradesh. River Damodar originates from Chhota Nagpur plateau, Mahanadi originates from Bastar plateau and Tapti originates from Satpura hills.
121. (c) Lucknow is the city at the eastward of India.
122. (c) Each of Andhra Pradesh and Karnatka shares boundaries with maximum number of Indian states.
123. (b)
124. (d) Indravati national Park is located in Bastar region. The park is situated at the distance of 22.4 km north from the Jagadalpur-Bhopalpattan road.
125. (a) Guru Sikhar Peak is located in the highest point in Rajasthan. The altitude of peak 5676 feet (1722 mt).
126. (b)
127. (b) Red Panda is found in Mountains of Nepal, north­eastern India, China, Bhutan and Slow Loris lives in dense forest of north-east, dense forest of Assam.
128. (b) Mahogany is a species of tree which found through­ out the Caribbean, central and south America, not in Himalayas.
129. (c) Nilgiri hills are found at the junction of the eastern and western ghats of the Sahayadri hills. The heights of the hills range varies between 2,280 and 2,290 metres.
130. (d) The tributaries of Brahmaputra in India the Manas, Pagladiya, Puthimari, Dhanisri, Jia Bhariti, Subansiri, etc.
131. (c) Salt water crocodile was common and found throughout the Andaman and Nicobar Islands occuring in the mangrove habitats and shrew and tapir are found in western ghats of the Malabar region.
132. (a) Namchik-Namphuk coal fields is located in Arunachal Pradesh.
133. (d) The minerals deposits in Chhatisgarh is Bauxite (96 million ton), Dolomite (606 million ton), & Iron ore (2336 million ton). Tin is not found in Chhatisgarh.
134. (b) The Tehri Hydro Power complex is located on the Bagirathi river of Uttar Pradesh.
135. (b) Shivasamudram falls is located on river Cauvery and Jog water fall is the highest water fall in India of 253 metres on Sharawati river.
136. (d) Damanganga water project is present in Gujarat, Girna irrigation project is present in Jalgaon area of Maharastra and Pamba river is located in Kerala.
137. (d) Chikmagalur is famous for coffee production and Mandya is famous for sugar and paper production.
138. (c) Tapovan and Vishnugarh Hydroelectric project is located in Chamoli district of Uttarakhand.
139. (d) According to census of 2001 of India, the population of Ludhiana is 1,398,467, Surat is 2,433,835, Nagpur is 2,052,066.
140. (c) Assam is the state has maximum number of National Park.
141. (a) Eastern Himalayas and Eastern Mediterranean region are Biodiversity hotspots.
142. (d) Rajasthan has the largest inland saline wetland.
143. (b) Dahej is a not a major port of India.
144. (b) The Dul Hasti Power Station is based on Chenab river.
145. (c) Putrajaya is new federal administrative centre of Malaysia.
146. (c) In India, the south-east monsoon causes high rainfall in east Himalayan region.
147. (d) Sutlej originates from the central Sulaiman range in Pakistan.
148. (a) Amarkantak is the origin of River Narmada and Sone.
149. (d) India deposits 12% of thorium of world's thorium.
150. (d) Three east flowing rivers found in Kerala. Tapti, Narmada and Mahi rivers flows westward, and these rivers also fiows through Madhya Pradesh.
151. (c) The fix boundary of a national park is described in the wild life protection act, 1972. The legislation says the actual area of the national park can be notified by the state government. A biosphere reserve conserves an ecosystem and no just few specific species of plants and animals.
152. (c)
153. (b)
154. (d) Ramsar convention describes to conserve all the sites through ecosystem approach and allow their simulta-neous sustainable use.
155. (b)
156. (c) In India tropical moist decidious forest occupies the largest area. It includes Deccan plateau, the north east­ern region of Deccan plateau and in lower slopes of Himalayas and covers the part of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Bihar, Chhatisgarh, Jharkhand, Karnataka and Kerala.
157. (b) The predominant soil in Tamil Nadu is red and red soil supports cotton cultivation and rich pool of skilled labour is available in Tamil Nadu.
158. (a) About 2.75 percent of water is fresh water in earth and about 95% is frozen in glacier. Less than 1% of the world's fresh water is readily accesisble.
159. (d) Rivers like Beas, Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej and Yamuna passes through Himachal Pradesh.
160. (c) Red soil in India is largely found in Deccan plateau. It is mainly seen in the district of periyar and salem in the state of Tamilnadu. Red soil is less clayey and sandier in nature and has a rich content in iron and small humas. Red soil is also known as yellow soil. The presence of iron oxide is responisble for giving this yellowish or reddish shade.
161. (b) More than 90% of India's coal reserves are found in Gondwana rock system of India.
162. (b) Kolleru lake one ofthe largest shallow fresh water lakes in Asia, is located between Krishna delta and the Godavari in Andhra Pradesh.
163. (d) All the statements given in the question is correct.
164. (a) The latitude that Passes through Sikkim also pass through Rajasthan.
165. (a) Global warming is the increase in the average temperature of Earth's near-surface air and oceans by increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases, which result from human activity such as the burning of fossil fuel and deforestation. Climate change mitigation is action to decrease the potential effects of global warming. At a time rate of mitigation is less in India because appropriate technologies available are very less and costly. Moreover India don't have such high funds required for research and development in that area.
166. (d) The approximate representation of land use is classified as net area sown 47%, forests 23%, other areas 30%.
167. (d) Ambient temperature simply means "the temperature of the surroundings" and will be the same as room temperature indoor the common range of20°C (68°F) to 27°C (80 °F). Similarly, ambient pressure on an object is the pressure of the surrounding medium, such as a gas or liquid, which comes into contact with the object. The soot sulphur hexaflouride, soot and water vapour all three can be found at ambient atmosphere which corresponds to ambient temperature and pressure.

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