[Himachal GK] Chamera Dam

The Chamera Dam impounds the River Ravi and supports the hydroelectricity project in the region. It is located near the town of Dalhousie, in the Chamba district in the state
of Himachal Pradesh in India The reservoir of the dam is the Chamera Lake.

After completion of the first phase, the 
Chamera-I generates 540 MW (3x180 MW) of electricity. The second stage i.e. Chamera-IIDam generates 300 MW (3X100 MW) of electricity. From year 2012, the 3rd stage i.e. Chamera III generates 231 MW (3x77) of electricity.

                                                                fig : Chamera Dam

The unique feature of the region is the fluctuating day and night temperature. The temperature during the day near the dam rises up to 35 degrees Celsius and drops to a minimum of 18 to 20 °C at night.
The water level in the Chamera Lake rises to a maximum of 763 meters while the minimum water level is 747 meters.

The absence of aquatic life in the lake has made it an ideal location for water sports. According to the plan developed by the tourism department, the lake shares the scope of sports activities like rowing, motor boating, paddle boating, sailing, canoeing, angling and kayaking. House boats and shikaras are also available. The government attempts to provide all these facilities to the tourists.


                            fig: Chamera Lake and Chamera Dam (Courtesy indiamike)


Important Details:

Official name
Chamera Dam
Location
Himachal Pradesh India
Coordinates
32°35′50″N 75°59′09″E Coordinates: 32°35′50″N 75°59′09″E
Dam and spillways
Impounds
Ravi River
Height
741 ft (226 m)
Length
295 m (968 ft)
Reservoir
Creates
Chamera Reservoir


Features:
The catchment are of the dam is 472.5 km2. The reservoir has a live storage capacity of 110 MCN and mean annual inflow of 1,273 BCM. Its FRL and MDDL are 760m and 747m.

The power house has 3 units of 180 MW each and has a firm power of 160MW.

After the completion of Chamera Power Station Stage - II (3X100 MW) in the year 2003, the Chamera Dam has been renamed Chamera Power Station Stage - I. The third stage of the Ravi Basin Projects Chamera Stage - III (77X3 MW)is also completed and is under operation now. All the three stages of Chamera are owned by NHPC Limited a company listed on the National Stock Exchange of India (Code NHPC). The stage - I is a storage hydroelectric project while stage - II and III are run of the river schemes.

Chamera II Hydroelectric Plant: 
Chamera II is a run of the river hydroelectric dam built by NHPC India. It is a 300 MW (3x100 MW) project built on the Ravi River in Himachal Pradesh. It was commissioned in March 2004.

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