[Himachal GK] Koldam Dam

The Koldam Dam Hydropower Project of the NTPC Limited, commonly known as KolDam, is an embankment dam on the Sutlej River near Barmana on the Chandigarh-Manali Highway
( NH-21 ) and the border of Bilaspur district and Mandi district, Himachal Pradesh, India. The main purpose of the dam is hydroelectric power generation and it will support an 800 MW power station.

                                                       fig: Koldam Dam courtesy: ntpc

The foundation stone for the dam was laid on 5 June 2000 by Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. On 14 January 2004, main construction on the dam began. Due to problems associated with habitat and forest loss, the project has been delayed. Attempts to impound the reservoir first failed in December 2013 due to problems with sealing the diversion tunnels. By 18 March 2014, a fourth attempt to seal the tunnels and fill the lake was underway. Repairs were made and another unsuccessful impounding was reached in April 2014 as the diversion tunnels continued to leak. Another period of impounding began on 3 November 2013 and finished on 3 January 2015. A tunnel still leaked though but authorities were confident they would have the power station operational by April. Generator commissioning was originally scheduled for 2009 but was rescheduled to 2015.

Important Details :

Official name
Koldam Hydroelectric Power Project
Country
India
Location
Bilaspur district and Mandi district
Coordinates
31°22′59″N 76°52′16″E Coordinates: 31°22′59″N 76°52′16″E
Status
Operational
Construction began
2000
Opening date
2015
Owner(s)
National Thermal Power Corporation
Dam and spillways
Type of dam
Embankment, rock-fill with clay core
Height (foundation)
167 m (548 ft)
Height (thalweg)
153 m (502 ft)
Length
474 m (1,555 ft)
Elevation at crest
648 m (2,126 ft)
Width (crest)
14 m (46 ft)
Dam volume
12,000,000 m3(15,695,407 cu yd)
Spillway type
Chute, six radial gates
Spillway capacity
16,500 m3/s (582,692 cu ft/s)
Reservoir
Total capacity
560,000,000 m3(453,999 acre·ft)
Max. length
40 km (25 mi)
Normal elevation
642 m (2,106 ft)
Power station
Commission date
2015
Hydraulic head
144 m (472 ft) (static)
Turbines
4 x 200 MW Francis-type
Installed capacity
800 MW


Power Generation Capacity

Its installed capacity is of 800 MW (4x200 MW). The first 200 MW Francis turbine-generator was commissioned on 30 March 2015 and the third on 10 April 2015.

Unit Number
Capacity (MW)
Date of Commissioning
Status
1
200
2015 Mar
commissioned.
2
200
2015 April
commissioned
3
200
2015 April
commissioned
4
200
2015 June
commissioned
TOTAL
800

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