UN Sets Target for Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)

This is the  target being  set by  the  United  Nations under the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to  be agreed in New  York by  the heads of  states on  September 26.   

  • A precursor  regional  committee  meeting  of  the World Health Organisation will  see 11 countries  under the  South East  Asia region that includes India  meet in Timor Leste from September  7 to flesh out the goals  and devise  ways  on how to go forward towards achieving them.   
  • A ministerial round table will take  place to  discuss whether the 13  health targets  as specified under the SDGs reflect  the critical health challenges faced by  the region and how can countries mobilize domestic resources for them. 
  • The expanse  of  the SDGs are  more  than the  Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)  which were  more focused.  
  • There are 17  SDGs  -  in  contrast to  eight  MDGs.  When heads of  states  meet in September  at the UN General Assembly,  they  will therefore  have to come up with practical  ways  on how to adopt them." 
  •  SDGs have under it 17  goals and 169 targets and they  seek to build on the MDGs and complete what these  did not achieve.   

About Sustainable Development  Goals: 

  • The Sustainable Development Goals  (SDGs)  are a set of  targets  relating to future  international development  proposed by  United  Nations  agencies. 
  • They are to replace the  Millennium  Development Goals  once they  expire at the end  of  2015. 
  • The SDGs  were first formally  discussed at  the  United Nations Conference  on Sustainable Development  held in  Rio de Janeiro  in June 2012 (Rio+20). 
  • On 19 July  2014,  the  UN General Assembly's  Open  Working Group on  Sustainable Development Goals (OWG) forwarded a proposal for the SDGs  to the Assembly. 
  • The proposal contained  17 goals  with 169 targets covering  a broad  range of  sustainable development issues.   
  • These included ending  poverty  and  hunger, improving  health  and  education, making cities  more sustainable,  combating  climate  change, and protecting oceans and forests. 
  • On 4 December 2014, the UN General Assembly  accepted  the Secretary-General's Synthesis Report which stated that the agenda  for the post-2015 SDG process  would be based on  the OWG proposals. Proposed  Goals: On 2nd of  Aug 2015 193 countries arrived  at  a consensus on the following seventeen proposed goals:
1.  End poverty  in all its forms everywhere 
2.  End hunger, achieve  food security  and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
3.  Ensure healthy  lives and promote  well-being for all at all ages
4.  Ensure inclusive and equitable quality  education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all 
5.  Achieve gender equality  and empower all  women and girls 
6.  Ensure availability  and  sustainable  management of  water and sanitation for all 
7.  Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and  modern energy  for all 
8.  Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all 
9.  Build resilient infrastructure,  promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation 
10. Reduce inequality  within and among countries 
11. Make cities  and human  settlements inclusive,  safe, resilient and sustainable 
12. Ensure sustainable  consumption and production patterns 
13. Take urgent  action to combat climate change  and its impacts 
14. Conserve and sustainably  use the oceans, seas  and  marine resources  for sustainable development 
15. Protect, restore and  promote sustainable use of  terrestrial ecosystems,  sustainably  manage forests, combat desertification, and  halt and  reverse land degradation  and halt biodiversity  loss 
16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and  build  effective, accountable  and inclusive institutions at all levels 
17. Strengthen  the  means of  implementation and revitalize the  global  partnership for sustainable development 

The  World  We  Want  2015  is a platform  and joint venture  currently  being used to create a  new global development framework to replace the Millennium  Development  Goals. It bases  its work off  of  the priorities of  the people  closest to the problems  and focuses on local  development.

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