[Himachal GK] Himachal Pradesh State Important Information

Himachal Pradesh bordering Jammu and Kashmir to the North and North West, Punjab to the South West, Haryana and Uttarpradesh to the South and Uttaranchal to the Southeast is spread in the area of
55,653 sq km. Shimla is the state capital and other major towns are Dharamshala, Kangra, Mandi, Kullu, Chamba, Hamirpur, Dalhousie and Manali.

The state boasts of numerous picturesque tourist destinations, which are responsible for generating much of the revenue for the state. Agriculture, textile and burgeoning hydroelectric power export industry are the other sources of income for the state.


A state in North India, Himachal Pradesh literally means a 'region of snowy mountains'. It is also sometimes referred as 'Dev Bhumi' meaning Abode of Gods. In the year 1950 Himachal Pradesh was declared as one of the Union Territories of India. Later on however, with the passing of Himachal Pradesh Act of 1971, it emerged as the eighteenth state of India. The word 'Hima' actually means snow in Sanskrit terminology. Acharya Diwakar Datt Sharma, an eminent Sanskrit Scholar from Himachal Pradesh named the state.

Himachal Pradesh is among those states in India, which has a very per capita income. The state sells hydro electricity power to Punjab, Delhi and Rajasthan. The economy of Himachal Pradesh depends greatly on tourism, hydroelectric power and agriculture. Shimla serves as the state capital that was earlier the summer capital of the British.

The head of each of the Districts in Himachal Pradesh is a Deputy Commissioner also known as Deputy Magistrate. For administrative purposes, the districts are further divided into sub-divisions, which are controlled by the sub-divisional magistrates. The sub-divisions are further divided into blocks. Blocks comprise panchayats that is the village councils and town municipalities. The law and order in the district is maintained by the Superintendent of Police.

The twelve Districts of Himachal Pradesh are listed as below

  • Bilaspur
  • Chamba
  • Hamirpur
  • Kangra
  • Kinnaur
  • Kullu
  • Lahul and Spiti
  • Mandi
  • Shimla
  • Sirmaur
  • Solan
  • Una









The Geographical Location of Himachal Pradesh is 30' 22' 40" North to 33' 12' 40" North latitude and its longitudinal extent is 75' 45' 55" East to 79' 04' 20" East. Himachal Pradesh occupies an area of 55,673 sq km. The capital of the state is Shimla. Himachal Pradesh is divided into twelve districts and it has 49 cities and towns. It comprises a population of 6,077,248, out of which the number of males is 3,085,256 and the number of females in the total population of the state is 2,991,992 according to the census of 2001.



The state of Himachal Pradesh, India is a hilly region and it experiences a pleasant climate through out the year. It even experiences heavy snow fall during the winter months. The weather of Himachal alters with the change of altitude. The best time to visit the state of Himachal is from September to March.

The population of Himachal is culturally rich and diverse at the same time. The communities residing in the Himachal region are very cordial people and they maintain a very well knit society. A very strong fellow feeling works in these simple people.

The Himachal Pradesh region can be categorized into the following Geographical Divisions 
  • The Shivaliks or the outer Himalayas
  • The central zone or the lesser Himalayas
  • The northern zone or the great Himalayan and Zaskar

The Chief Rivers of Himachal Pradesh that have a significant contribution towards the Natural prosperity of the state include:
  • Chenab
  • Beas
  • Ravi
  • Yamuna
  • Sutlej
  • Spiti
Located on the western corner of Himalaya, Himachal Pradesh acts as the confluence of the pristine streams that are flowing through the quaint terrains of the majestic Hill. Characterized by thick cover of snow, the Chief Rivers of the state melts down in the summer months to satisfy the water consumption needs of the place.

Important Landforms of Himachal Pradesh features primarily the mountainous terrains that surround the place from all directions. An integral part of the Himalayan ranges, the Landforms of the state are divided into many categories such as slope, elevation, microclimatic situations and vegetation



Himachal Pradesh at a Glance

Area
55,673 km2
Population (Census 2011)
6,864,602
Males
3,481,873
Females
3,382,729
Urban Population
688,552
Rural Population
6,176,050
Population Density
123
Sex Ratio
972
Literacy Rate
83.78%
Female Literacy
76.60%
Male Literacy
90.83%
Districts
12
Sub Division
55
Tehsils
82
Sub Tehsils
35
Towns
59
Developmental Block
77
Panchayats
3,243
Panchayat Smities
77
Zila Parishad
12
Nagar Nigam
1
Nagar Parishad
25
Nagar Panchayats
23
Urban Local Bodies
53
Census Villages
20,690
Inhabited Villages
17,495
Educational Institutions
17,000 +
Health Institutions
3,835
Motorable Roads
30,000 + km
National Highways
8






Himachal Pradesh State Information
Capital
Shimla
Date of formation
25. Jan. 1971
Governor
Acharya Dev Vrat
Chief Minister
Virbhadra Singh
Tourist attractions
Shimla, Kulu, Manali, Dharamsala
Festivals
Pori, Fulaich
Major dance and music forms
Mala dance, Rakshas Dance, Nati Dance
Arts and crafts.
Pahari painting is done in the Basohli and Kangra styles; Kullu shawls and woollen caps are famous; the Chamba Rumal has Kangra style paintings embroidered on cloth.
Languages
Hindi, Punjabi, Kinnauri, Pahari
Size
55,673 sq. km
Population
6,864,602
Rivers
Ravi, Beas, Chenab, Sutlej, Yamuna
Forests and wildlife sanctuaries
Pin Valley NP, Greater Himalayan NP, Renuka WS, Chail WS, Kalatope Khajjiar WS
State animal
Snow leopard
State bird
Western tragopan
State flower
Pink rhododendron
State tree
Deodar
Major crops
Wheat, rice, maize, barley
Factoids
The world's oldest democracy is believed to be a tiny, isolated village called Malana.
Shimla was the summer capital of british India.
No. of District
12


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