[Science - Technology] Important Inventions and Discoveries


InventionYearInventorCountry
Acetylene Gas1862BerthelotFrance
Adding machine1642PascalFrance
Adhesive tape, Scotch1930Richard DrewUSA
Aeroplane1903Orville & Wilbur WrightUSA
Air conditioning1902CarrierUSA
Aeroplane, jet engine1939OhainGermany
Airship(non-rigid)1852Henri GiffardFrance
Aerosol spray1926Erik RotheimNorway
Artificial heart1957William KolffNetherlands
Atomic bomb1945J Robert OppenheimerUSA
atomic numbers1913MoseleyBritain
atomic theory1803DaltonBritain
automatic rifle1918John BrowningUSA
Bakelite1907Leo H BaekelandBelgium
ballistic missile1944Wernher von BraunGermany
balloon1783Jacques & Joseph MontgolfierFrance
ballpoint pen1888John J loudUSA
barometer1644Evangelista TorricelliItaly
battery(electric)1800Alessandro VoltaItaly
bicycle1839-40Kirkpatrick MacmillanBritain
bicycle tyres(pneumatic)1888John Boyd DuniopBritain
bifocal lens1780Benjamin FranklinUSA
bleaching powder1798TennantBritain
Bunsen Burner1855R. Willhelm von BunsenGermany
burglar alarms1858Edwin T. HolmesUSA
calculus1670NewtonBritain
camera, Kodak1888Walker EastmanUSA
canned food1804AppertFrance
Car(Steam)1769Nicolas CugnotFrance
car(Petrol)1888Karl BenzGermany
Carburettor1876Gottlieb DaimlerGermany
Cassette, Audio1963Philips co.Holland
Cassette videotape1969SonyJapan
Celluloid1861Alexander ParkesBritain
Cement (Portland)1824Joseph AspdinBritain
Chemotheraphy1909EhrlichGermany
Chronometer1735John HarrisonBritain
Cinema1895Nicolas and Jean LumiereFrance
Clock (Mechanical)1725I Hsing & Liang Ling TsanChina
Cloning, DNA1973Boyer, CohenUSA
Cloning, mammal1996Wilmut, et alUK
Compact disc1972RCAUSA
Compact disc player1979Sony, Philips coJapan, Netherlands
Computer, laptop1987SinclairBritain
Computer,mini1960Digital corpUSA
Crossword puzzle1913Arthur WynneUSA
CT Scan1973HounsfieldBritain
Diesel engine1895Rudolf DieselGermany
Disc brakes1902Dr. F LanchesterBritain
Disc, video1972Phillips coHolland
DNA, structure1951Crick-UK,Watson-US,Wilkins-UK
Dynamo1832Hypolite PixiiFrance
Electric flat iron1882H.W. SeeleyUSA
Electric lamp1879Thomas alva EdisonUSA
electric motor (DC)1873Zenobe GrammeBelgium
Electric motor (AC)1888Nikola TeslaUSA
Electric iron1882Henry W.SeelyUSA
Electric washing machine1906Alva J FisherUSA
Electromagnet1824William SturgeonBritain
Electron1897Thomson JBritain
Electroplating1805Luigi BrugnatelliItaly
Electronic computer1824Dr Alan M turningBritain
Facsimile machine1843Alexander BainBritain
Fibre-optics1955KepanyBritain
Film (moving outlines)1885Louise PrinceFrance
Film (talking)1922J. Engl, J.Mussolle & H VogtGermany
Film (musical sound)1923Dr Le de forestUSA
Floppy disk1970IBMUSA
Frequency modulation1933EH ArmstrongUSA
Frisbee1948Fred MorrissonUSA
Fountain pen1884Lewis E. WatermanUSA
Galvanometer1834Andre-Marie AmpereFrance
Glider1853Sir George CayleyBritain
Gramophone1878Thomas Alva EdisonUSA
Helicopter1924Etinne OehmichenFrance
HIV1984MartagnierFrance
Holography1947Denis GasonBritain
Hydrogen bomb1952Edward TellerUSA
Intelligence testing1905Simon BinetFrance
Jet engine1937Sir Frank WhittleBritain
Laser1960Theodore MaimanUSA
Launderette1934J.F. CantrellUSA
Lift (mechanical)1852Elisha G OtisUSA
Lightning conductor1752Benjamin FranklinUSA
Locomotive1804Richard TrevithickBritain
Logarithms1614NapierBritain
Loom, power1785E cartwrightBritain
Loudspeaker1900Horace ShortBritain
Machine gun1718Richard GatlingBritain
Magnetic recording tape1928Fritz PfleumerGermany
Match, safety1826John WalkerBritain
Microphone1876Alexander Graham BellUSA
Microprocessor1971Robert Noyce & Gordon MooreUSA
Microscope,comp1590Z.JanssenNetherlands
Microscopes, elect1931Ruska KnollGermany
Microwave oven1947Percy LeBaron SpencerUSA
Motorcycle1885G. DaimlerGermany
Movie projector1593Thomas EdisonUSA
MRI1971DamadianUSA
Neon lamp1910George ClaudeFrance
Neutron1932ChadwickBritain
Neutron bomb1958Samuel CohanUSA
Nylon1937Dr Wallace H CarothersUSA
Optical fibre1955Narinder KapanyGermany
PaperAD 105China
Pacemaker1952ZollUSA is
Pasteurization1867Lewis PasteurFrance
Pencil1792Lacques Nicolas ConteFrance
Periodic table1869MendeleyevRussia
Photocopier1938CarlsonUSA
Photoelectric cell1893Julius Elster, Hans F GeitelGermany
Photo film, celluloid1893ReichenbachUSA
Photo film, transparent1884Goodwin EastmanUSA
Photography (on metal)1826J.N. NiepceFrance
Photography (on paper)1835W.H. Fox TalbotBritain
Photography (on film)1888John CarbuttUSA
Piano1709CristoforiItaly
Pistol, revolver1836ColtUSA
Plutonium fission1940Kennedy, whal,Seaborg,SegreUSA
Pop-up toaster1927Charles StriteUSA
Printing press1455Johann GutenbergGermany
Printing (rotatory)1846Richard HoeUSA
Printing (Web)1865William BullockUSA
Proton1919RutherfordNew Zealand
Quantum theory1900PlankGermany
Radar1922AH Taylor and Leo C YoungUSA
Radiocarbon dating1947LibbyUSA
Radio telegrapy1864Dr Mohlon LoomisUSA
Radio telegrapy (trans Atlantic)1901G MarconiItaly
Rayon1883Sir Joseph SwanBritain
Razor (electric)1931Col Jacob SchickUSA
Razor (safety)1895King C GilletteUSA
Refrigerator1850James Harrison, Alexandre catlinUSA
Relativity theory1905EinsteinGermany
Rubber (latex foam)1928Dunlop Rubber Co.Britain
Rubber (Tyres)1846Thomas HancockBritain
Rubber (Vulcanised)1841Charles GoodyearUSA
Rubber (waterproof)1823Charles MacintoshBritain
Safety pin1849Walter HuntUSA
Safety razor1903King camp GilletteUSA
Seatbelt1959VolvoSweden
Self-starter1911Charles F KetteringUSA
Ship (steam)1775IC PerierFrance
Ship (turbine)1894Hon Sir C ParsonBritain
Silk manufacture50 BCChina
Skyscraper1882W Le Baron JennyUSA
Slide rule1621William OughtredBritain
Spinning frame1769Sir Richard ArkwrightBritain
Spinning Jenny1764JamesHargreavesBritain
Spinning Mule1779Samuel CromptonBritain
Steam Engine1698Thomas SaveryBritain
Steam Engine(Piston)1712Thomas NewcomenBritain
Steam Engine(Condenser)1765James WattBritain
Steel(Stainless)1913Harry BrealeyBritain
Stethoscope1819LaennecFrench
Submarine1776David BushnellUSA
Super Computer1976J.H Van TasselUSA
Synthesiser1964MoogUSA
Tank1914Sir Emest D SwingtonBritain
Tape recorder1899Fessenden PoulsenDenmark
Telegraph1787M LammondFrance
Telegraph code1837Samuel FB MorseUSA
Telephone, cellular1947Bell LabsUSA
Telephone (imperfect)1849Antonio MeucciItaly
Telephone (perfected)1876Alexander Graham BellUSA
Telescope1608Hans LippersheyNetherlands
Television (mechanical)1926John Logie BairdBritain
Television (electronic)1927P.T FarnsworthUSA
Television, colour1928John Logie BairdBritain
Transformer1831Michael FaradayBritain
Transistor1948Bardeen, Shockley & BrattainUSA
Transistor radio1955SonyJapan
Uranium fission, atomic reactor1942Szilard FermiUSA
Vacuum cleaner1907SpanglerUSA
Videotape1956Charles GinsbergUSA
Velcro(hook-and-loop-fastner)1948Geprges de MestralSwitzerland
Washing machine(elec)1907Hurley Machine coUSA
Watch1462Bartholomew ManfrediItaly
Welder (electric)1877Elisha ThomsonUSA
Windmill600Persian corn grinding
Wireless (telegraph)1896G MarconiItaly
x-ray1895W.K RoentgenGeremany
Zip Fastener1891W.L JudsonUSA

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