[Himachal GK] Glossary of Local Terms of Himalayan/Himachal People

The topography of Himalayas presents them as unique natural monuments. Himalayas have been regarded to be the toughest topography on this planet; still these heavenly mountains have nurtured and preserved, a rich, warm and lively culture. Being isolated from the rest of world, these Himalayan wonderlands still preserves local dialects.

Difficult to communicate sometimes, however communication barrier can be surmounted by usage of the local terms which will bridge the gap of the modern world with them.

Aari:   Small saw which is operated by single person

Anar/Daru:   Pomegranate (a tropical fruit with many seeds), Punica granatum

Angoori:   Grape vine, Vitis spp.

Angora:  Type of goat

Aonla:  Emblica Officinalis

Arbi:  Colocasia species

Barter system:  A system in which purchase and sale of animals, farm produce and goods is based on exchange basis

Bathu:  A leafy vegetable, Chenopodium album

Belcha:  Spade

Ber:  Zizypus mauritiana (an important fruit tree)

Berka:  Threshing pole

Beul:  Grewia optiva

Bhains:  Salix tetrasperma

Bhang:  Cannabis sativa, a multipurpose narcotic plant

Bharal:  Animal found in cold desert of Himachal Pradesh

Bhera:  Indigenous medicinal plant, Terminalia chebula

Bileha:  Pick axe

Bori:  Sack (Bag)

Buckwheat:  Fagopyrum species  whose grains are used as a food

Chakkala-Belan:  Rolling pin and board used for making chapatis

Chakki:  Hand mill

Changpass:  Changra goats (type of goats) owner

Changthang:  Name of place in Ladakh bordering with Tibet

Cheenee:  A millet crop, Panicum miliaceum

Chhang/Ghanti:  Alcoholic drink made from rice, Avena saliva starch

Chhini:  Chisel

Chikri Khilna:  A kind of spade to dig

Chilgoza Seeds:  of Pinus gerardiana, which considered as valuable dry fruit

Chir pine:  Pinus roxburghii

Chola:   A woollen dress

Chukor:  Partridge found in cold deserts of Himachal Pradesh

Chulai:  Leafy vegetable (Amaranthus viridis)

Chuli:  Prunus armenica, wild apricot

Chullah:  A fire place for cooking

Chum:  Cross breed of yak and cow used for milk

Chutsa:  Chisel

Daach:  Big sickle to cut wood

Dachi:  Sickle to cut grass

Deodar:  Cedrus deodara, timber yielding species of Himalayan forests

Desi:  Indigenous/local

Dhan:  Sheep and goats wealth /paddy

Dhar:  High mountains

Dora:  Rope tied at the waist by both men and women

Gaddis:  Semi-nomadic tribal of Kangra and Chamba districts of HP

Gainti:  Pick axe

Galgal:  A fruit of citrus (Citrus pseudolimon) family

Gandasa:  Sharp blade fitted to wooden handle


Ghasni:  Grass land

Ghee:  Fats made from vegetable and animal's milk

Ghoom:  Hammer

Gur/shakkar:  Crude sugar

Hal:  Wooden plough

Havan:  A religious ceremony

Heeng:  Asafoetida spp. (dried exudate)

Hukka:  Device for smoking tobacco

Jalga:  A perennial wild spice plant, Phytolaca acinosa

Jeth:  Summer month

Jhabbal:  Jumper/Crowbar

Jonks:  Leechs

Kachnar:  Bahaunia variegate

Kail:  Pinus wallichiana (Blue pine)

Kaimal:  Mallotus philipinensis

Klam/Dambu:  Grafting operation used in horticultural crops

Kalijiri:  Centratherum antheminticum

Kanda:  Highest point where cultivable lands are found above the village

Kangoo:  Comb for combing wood

Karnu:  A local tree

Karolari:  Saw

Kasi:  Hoe

Kath:  Pyrus pashia

Katha:  Acacia catechu, Commercial product of khair tree

Kera:  Large sieve

Khads:  Water streams

Khair:  Acacia catechu

Khaliyan:  Courtyard or a small ground used for threshing their field crops

Kharif:  Crop season from May-June to Oct.- Nov., main crops of this season are maize, paddy, pulses etc.

Khasipine:  Pinus kesia

Kassi:  Hoe

Khati: Dugout structure to store rain water

Khatti:  Ginger (Zingiber officinalis) storage pits

Khawaja:  Diety

Khejri:  A multipurpose nitrogen fixing tree (Prosopis cineraria)

Khet:  Fields

Khirak:  Celtis australis

Khurpa/Khurpi:  Hand hoe

Kikar:  Acacia nilotica

Kilni Khilna: A small equipment used for digging 

Kilta:  A wooden container

Kodo:  A millet crop, Paspalum serobiculatum

Kongni:  Millet, Setaria italic

Kudal/Kudali:  Hoe

Kuhal/Kuhl:  Small water channel used for irrigation purposes

Kuldebta:  Village deity

Kunish:  Alnus spp.

Kuth:  Saussurea lappa, a commercial cash crop

Lota:  Container generally used for drinking water and watering plants

Mahotar/dhingri/guchhi:  Edible fungus

Maina:  Name of bird

Mash:  Leguminous crop used as pulse (Vigna radiata)

Masur: Leguminous crop used as pulse (Lense esculanta)

Meryana:  Ulmus leviegata

Methi:  Trigonella foenum graecum, Fenugreek (important spice)

Pudina:  Mint (Mentha spp.)

Moi:  Leveller

Moong:  Leguminous crop used as pulse (Vigna mungo)

Moori:  Concentrated alcoholic drink

Nallah/Nalla/Nallaha:  A mini water stream

Navratras:  A set of auspicious nine days in Hindu religion

Neem:  Azadirachta indica

Nihani:  Chisel

Papiha:  Name of bird / Great Barbet

Pashimna goat:  A special type of goat which produced very soft wool

Pattu:  A woollen blanket

Phafra/Phaphra:  Buckwheat (Phagopyrum spp.)

Phanani:  A bow shaped device used for combing wool

Phawara:  Spade

Rabi crop:  Crops like wheat, mustard etc. grown during the months of Oct.-Nov. to April-May

Rajmash:  A pulse crop (Phaseolus vulgaris)

Safeda:  Eucalyptus spp.

Sarkanda grass: A wild long grass used for thatching houses (Saccharum spontaneous)

Sarson:  Mustard (Brassica compastris)

Soolini Mela:  Local fair of Soolini deity

Sua:  Wooden pin

Taklu:  A special spindle device

Tambaku:  Tobacco (Nicotiana tobaccum)

Tatihari:  Name of bird

Thali:   Plate

Titar:   Partridge

Tokra:   A big wooden container

Tokru:   A small wooden container

Toon:   Toona ciliate

Toot:  Moms alba

Tor:   A multiple wild plant, Bauhinia vahilii

Urd:  Leguminous crop, Vigna radiata

Zira:  Cumin (important spice)

No comments:

Post a Comment